Medicinal Plants 2022

Lemon balm: 10 benefícios and how to make chá

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Lemon balm: 10 benefícios and how to make chá
Lemon balm: 10 benefícios and how to make chá
Anonim

Lemon balm is the medicinal plant Melissa officinalis, also known as lemon balm or lemon balm, which is rich in phenolic compounds and flavonoids with calming, sedative, relaxing, antispasmodic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, being widely used to treat various he alth problems, especially digestive problems, anxiety and stress.

This medicinal plant can be used in the form of teas, infusions, juices, desserts or in the form of capsules or natural extracts, and can be found in herbalists, he alth food stores, compounding pharmacies, markets and some fairs. free.

Learn more about lemon balm in the following video:

1. Improves sleep quality

Lemon balm has phenolic compounds in its composition, such as rosmarinic acid, which has calming and sedative properties, which can be useful to fight insomnia and improve sleep quality.

Also, some studies show that drinking lemon balm tea twice a day for 15 days improves sleep in people with insomnia and that the combination of lemon balm and valerian can help relieve restlessness and anxiety. sleep disorders.

2. Fights Anxiety and Stress

The lemon balm helps to fight anxiety and stress by having rosmarinic acid in its composition that acts by increasing the activity of neurotransmitters in the brain, such as GABA, which contributes to the body's feeling of relaxation, well-being being and tranquility and decreased anxiety symptoms such as agitation and nervousness.

Some studies show that taking a single dose of lemon balm increases calmness and alertness in adults under mental stress, and that taking capsules containing 300 to 600 mg of lemon balm three times daily reduces anxiety symptoms.

3. Relieves headaches

Lemon balm can also be helpful in treating headaches, especially if they occur as a result of stress. Because it contains rosmarinic acid, it has analgesic, relaxing and anti-inflammatory properties that can help relax muscles, release tension and relax tense blood vessels, which can contribute to the relief of headaches.

4. Fights intestinal gas

The lemon balm contains citral, an essential oil with antispasmodic and carminative action, inhibiting the production of substances responsible for increasing bowel contraction, which relieves colic and combats the production of intestinal gas.

Some studies show that treatment with lemon balm extract can improve colic in breastfeeding babies within 1 week.

5. Relieves PMS Symptoms

By having phenolic compounds in its composition such as rosmarinic acid, lemon balm helps relieve PMS symptoms by increasing the activity of the neurotransmitter GABA in the brain, which improves moodiness, nervousness and anxiety, associated with TPM.

The lemon balm herb for its antispasmodic and analgesic properties also helps relieve the discomfort of menstrual cramps.

Also, some studies using lemon balm capsules show that to reduce PMS symptoms, you should take 1200 mg of lemon balm capsule daily.

6. Fights gastrointestinal problems

Lemon balm can help treat gastrointestinal problems such as indigestion, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, gastroesophageal reflux and irritable bowel syndrome, for example, because it contains rosmarinic acid in its composition, in addition to citral, geraniol and beta-caryophyllene, with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antispasmodic and intestinal gas elimination action, which helps relieve symptoms and discomfort of gastrointestinal problems.

7. Combats cold sores

Some studies show that caffeic, rosmarinic and phenolic acids present in lemon balm have action against the cold sore virus by inhibiting the virus and preventing it from multiplying, which prevents the spread of infection, reduces the time of healing and contributes to the quick effect on typical symptoms of cold sores like itching, tingling, burning, stitches, swelling and redness.For this benefit, you should apply a lipstick containing lemon balm extract on your lips when you feel the first symptoms.

Furthermore, these lemon balm acids can also inhibit the multiplication of the genital herpes virus. However, human studies are still needed to prove this benefit.

8. Eliminates fungi and bacteria

Some in vitro laboratory studies show that phenolic compounds such as rosmarinic, caffeic and coumaric acids present in lemon balm are capable of eliminating fungi, especially skin fungi, such as Candida sp. and bacteria like:

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing lung infections, ear infections, and urinary tract infections;
  • Salmonella sp that cause diarrhea and gastrointestinal infections;
  • Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infection;
  • Shigella sonnei which causes intestinal infections;

However, human studies are still needed to prove these benefits.

9. Helps in the treatment of Alzheimer's

Some studies show that phenolic compounds in lemon balm, such as citral, can

inhibit cholinesterase, an enzyme responsible for degrading acetylcholine which is an important brain neurotransmitter for memory. People with Alzheimer's typically have a decrease in acetylcholine, which leads to memory loss and decreased ability to learn.

In addition, these studies indicate that taking lemon balm by mouth for 4 months can reduce agitation, improve thinking, and reduce symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.

10. Has antioxidant action

The lemon balm has flavonoids and phenolic compounds in its composition, mainly rosmarinic and caffeic acids, which have antioxidant action, fighting free radicals and reducing cell damage.Thus, lemon balm can help prevent diseases associated with oxidative stress caused by free radicals such as cardiovascular diseases. However, human studies are still needed.

How to consume

The lemon balm can be consumed in the form of teas, infusions or even in desserts, being easy to prepare and very tasty.

1. Lemon balm tea

To make lemon balm tea, it is advisable to use only its leaves, both dry and fresh, as it is the part of the plant that contains all the beneficial properties for he alth.

Ingredients

  • 1 tablespoon of lemon balm leaves;
  • 1 cup of boiling water.

Preparation mode

Add the lemon balm leaves to the boiling water, cover and let it rest for a few minutes. Then strain and drink 3 to 4 cups of this tea a day.

See another lemon balm tea option to relieve anxiety symptoms.

2. Lemongrass Juice

The lemon balm juice can be prepared with fresh or dried leaves, being a tasty and refreshing option to consume this medicinal plant and obtain its benefits.

Ingredients

  • 1 cup of chopped lemongrass coffee;
  • 200 mL of water;
  • Juice of 1 lemon;
  • Ice to taste;
  • Honey to sweeten (optional).

Preparation mode

Beat all the ingredients in the blender, strain and sweeten with honey. Then drink 1 to 2 glasses a day.

Possible side effects

Lemon balm is safe when consumed for a maximum of 4 months for adults and 1 month for babies and children.However, if this medicinal plant is consumed in excessive amounts or for longer than recommended, it can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, decreased heart rate, drowsiness, drop in blood pressure and wheezing.

Who should not use

Until now, no contraindications of lemon balm have been described, however this medicinal plant should be avoided if the person uses sleeping pills, as their sedative effects can add up and cause excessive drowsiness.

Lemon balm can also interfere with the effect of thyroid medication, and should only be done with the doctor's guidance, in these cases.

In addition, it is recommended that pregnant or breastfeeding women consult their obstetrician before consuming lemon balm.

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