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Men's He alth 2023

Urologist: what é, what he treats and when to consult

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Urologist: what é, what he treats and when to consult
Urologist: what é, what he treats and when to consult
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The urologist is the specialist doctor responsible for taking care of the male reproductive organs and treating changes in the urinary system in women and men. The urologist is, therefore, the doctor indicated to treat problems in the bladder, urethra, kidneys, testicles or penis, for example.

The urologist should be consulted annually, mainly by men from 45 to 50 years old, because in this way it is possible to prevent (or detect early) the development of prostate cancer and other alterations.

In the first consultation with the urologist, a general assessment is usually carried out for the general state of he alth, in addition to tests that evaluate the male and female urinary system, as well as tests that evaluate male fertility.

What problems does the urologist treat

The urologist is responsible for treating some diseases/problems related to the urinary system of men and women and the male reproductive organs.

The urologist can treat:

  • Sexual impotence;
  • Premature ejaculation;
  • Infertility;
  • Kidney stone;
  • Difficulty urinating;
  • Urinary incontinence;
  • Urinary infections;
  • Inflammation in the urinary tract;
  • Varicocele, in which the testicular veins dilate, causing blood to accumulate, pain, and swelling.

In addition, the urologist performs the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of tumors present in the urinary tract, such as the bladder and kidneys, for example, and in the male reproductive system, such as the testicle and prostate. See what are the main changes in the prostate.

When to go to the urologist

The appointment with the urologist is recommended for both men and women of any age, when there are signs and symptoms related to the urinary system, such as:

  • Difficulty or pain urinating;
  • Kidney pain;
  • Changes in the penis;
  • Changes in testicles;
  • Increase in urine production.

In the case of men, it is also recommended that they make an appointment with the urologist annually so that a check-up can be carried out and possible doubts can be clarified, since the urologist also has the function of evaluating the male reproductive organs, diagnosis and treatment of male sexual dysfunctions.

In addition, it is considered essential that men over 50 years of age consult the urologist on a regular basis, even if there are no signs and symptoms of changes, since from that age onwards there is a greater risk of developing cancer prostate.

If there is a positive history of prostate cancer in the family or if the man is of African descent, it is advisable to follow-up with a urologist from the age of 45, to perform regular digital rectal exams and others, with the objective of evaluating the functioning of the prostate and, thus, preventing the occurrence of cancer. Find out which are the 6 tests that evaluate the prostate.

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