General Practice 2022

Diet in gallbladder crisis: what to eat and what to avoid

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Diet in gallbladder crisis: what to eat and what to avoid
Diet in gallbladder crisis: what to eat and what to avoid

The diet for gallbladder attacks, which can happen when there are gallstones, should consist mainly of low-fat foods, and therefore, the consumption of fried foods and sausages should be reduced.

Furthermore, it is also important to increase your water intake, whether in the form of drink or food, as it reduces the most common symptoms of the crisis, such as abdominal pain and discomfort.

Food is a fundamental component of treatment during gallbladder crisis but should not replace medical treatment prescribed by the doctor, which may include the use of medication.

Allowed foods during crisis

During a gallbladder attack, it is advisable to eat foods rich in water and with little or no fat, such as:

  • Fruit,such as apple, pear, peach, pineapple, watermelon, strawberry, orange, kiwi, fig, cherry, blackberry, melon or raspberry;
  • Vegetables,specially cooked;
  • Oatmeal and whole grain cereals, such as wholegrain rice, pasta, or bread;
  • Tubercles, such as potato, yam, sweet potato or cassava;
  • Milk and skimmed derivatives, depending on the tolerance of each person;
  • Vegetable drinks,such as rice, almond or oat milk;
  • Lean meats,such as skinless chicken, fish and turkey;
  • Beverages,such as water, natural juices and teas.

Besides the food, it is necessary to pay attention to the type of food preparation, giving preference to boiled, steamed and grilled, because these are the ways that do not need added fat. See how to make a home remedy for gallstones.

What not to eat in a gallbladder attack

Foods that should be reduced or avoided during a gallbladder crisis are those that have a large amount of fat, as their intake can stimulate the gallbladder to release bile. Thus, the foods that should not be consumed during gallbladder crisis are:

  • Fatty fruits such as coconut, avocado or açaí;
  • Whole milk and yogurts;
  • Yellow cheeses,like parmesan and standard mines;
  • Butter and any other animal fat;
  • Fat meat,such as chops, sausage, duck or goose mocotó;
  • Offals,such as liver, heart, kidney or gizzard;
  • Sausages, such as ham, sausages or bologna;
  • Oilseeds, such as walnuts, cashews, almonds or peanuts;
  • Oily fish, such as tuna, salmon and sardines;
  • Processed foods, such as chocolate, cookies, puff pastry, broth or ready-made sauces.

Furthermore, you should also avoid the consumption of frozen and pre-prepared food, such as pizzas and lasagnas, in addition to fast food and alcoholic beverages, it is also very important to read the label of the food to be consumed and choose those with lower fat content.

Some people can identify other foods, in addition to those listed, that are responsible for the symptoms of gallbladder crisis, and it is important to keep a food diary in which the food consumed throughout the day and the symptoms that appeared. This is usually common in people who have intestinal pain and gas, as the consumption of some foods can cause increased gas and cause abdominal discomfort, "making worse" the pain of the gallbladder crisis.

Example 3-day menu

The following table indicates a 3-day menu option that helps relieve symptoms

Meal Day 1 Day 2 Day 3
Breakfast 2 slices of bread with scrambled egg + 1 glass of orange juice 2 medium pancakes with marmalade + ½ banana 1 cup of coffee + 1 oatmeal
Morning snack 1 cup gelatin 1 glass of watermelon juice 1 cup gelatin
Lunch / Dinner 1 grilled chicken breast fillet+ 4 tablespoons rice + 1 cup cooked vegetables such as carrots and green beans + 1 apple 1 grilled fish fillet with mashed potato + lettuce, tomato and onion salad with a little balsamic vinegar + 2 slices of pineapple Zucchini noodles with ground turkey with homemade tomato sauce + 1 cup strawberries
Afternoon snack 1 cup melon, cut into pieces 1 cup microwaveable, fat-free popcorn 1 apple baked in the oven with a little cinnamon

The amounts included in this menu may vary according to the person's age, gender, he alth history and physical activity level. Thus, the ideal is to consult a nutritionist to carry out a complete evaluation and develop a nutritional plan that is more suited to the needs of each person.

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