General Practice 2022

Diet for gastritis and úulcer (with cardápio)

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Diet for gastritis and úulcer (with cardápio)
Diet for gastritis and úulcer (with cardápio)

The diet for gastritis and ulcers is a fundamental part of the treatment, as it helps to relieve and prevent the worsening of symptoms and, therefore, it is important that the person has a balanced, he althy, easily digestible and low in fat and sugars.

The diet for gastritis and ulcers can vary from one person to another, as food tolerance is not the same for everyone. Therefore, it is important that the nutritionist is consulted so that a general assessment can be made and it is possible to indicate a food plan adapted to the needs of each one.

A good strategy is to create a food diary, in which all the foods and drinks consumed during the day are recorded, as this way it is possible to more easily identify the foods responsible for causing or worsening the symptoms and, thus, avoiding them.In addition, there are some home remedies that can be included in your daily diet, such as potato juice and Swiss chard tea, which have calming properties that help relieve symptoms. See how to prepare home remedies for gastritis.

Allowed foods

Foods allowed in the diet for gastritis and ulcers are those that are easily digested and low in fat, and it is important to avoid foods rich in fiber during this period, as these take longer in the stomach to be digested, which can worsen gastritis symptoms. Therefore, the foods that should be included in the diet during a gastritis or ulcer crisis are:

  • Fruits, such as apples, pears, papayas, guava or bananas, preferably without skin and cooked or mashed. Fruit jams and jellies can also be included in the daily diet, as long as they are made only with fruit, with no added sugar;
  • Vegetables, such as zucchini, eggplant, carrots, spinach and Swiss chard, it is recommended to consume preferably cooked and without skin during periods of symptom crisis, as they are easier to be digested;
  • Low-fat meats such as chicken, turkey, fish and seafood well cooked and grilled, preferably steamed or boiled. The meat can also be cooked shredded, ground or in strips to make it easier to digest;
  • Dairy, such as skimmed milk, plain yogurt and white cheese, such as ricotta and light curd. It is important to highlight that milk tolerance varies from one person to another and, therefore, in the case of suspected lactose intolerance, in addition to gastritis, it is recommended to avoid this type of food;
  • Carbohydrates, such as white rice, pasta, potato, pumpkin, white bread, and sweet potato;
  • Gelatin unsweetened;
  • Vegetable drinks, such as almond milk, oat milk or rice;
  • Teas, such as chamomile, linden, mint or ginger;
  • Coffee decaf;
  • Olive oil, in small quantities;
  • Apple cider vinegar for seasoning, as it helps balance stomach pH and improve acidity;
  • Natural spices, such as fine herbs, garlic, onion, parsley, cilantro and oregano.

During an attack of gastritis, the ideal is to prepare food with a softer consistency, like puree, and it is also important to chew food well so that the stomach can digest the food more easily.

What to eat right after a gastritis crisis?

After recovery from the gastritis crisis, it is important to incorporate fiber-rich foods back into the diet, such as:

  • Raw and unpeeled vegetables, such as cucumber, lettuce and watercress;
  • Wholemeal foods such as rice, pasta and wholemeal bread;
  • flaxseeds, sesame and chia seeds;
  • Legumes, such as beans, chickpeas, and lentils;
  • Dried fruits such as walnuts, peanuts and almonds;
  • Fruit with skin, such as apple and pear.

Furthermore, it is important to note that even though the gastritis crisis has passed, it is important to continue avoiding foods rich in fat and highly seasoned foods to prevent the development of a new crisis.

After the gastritis crisis, the consistency of food can return to normal, and it is important to maintain proper chewing of food.

Diet menu for gastritis and ulcer

The following table shows an example of a 3-day menu for the treatment of an attack of gastritis and ulcer:

Main Meals Day 1 Day 2 Day 3
Breakfast 1 glass of watermelon juice + 2 slices of white bread + 1 tablespoon of ricotta + 1 boiled pear without skin 1 cup of decaf coffee + 2 scrambled eggs with 1 slice of light white cheese + 1 cup of diced papaya 1 cup unsweetened ginger tea + 2 scrambled eggs with 2 slices of toasted bread + 1 boiled apple without skin
Morning snack 1 boiled apple without skin with 1 teaspoon of cinnamon powder 1 medium banana mashed with 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon 1 boiled pear without skin
Lunch 100 grams of grilled chicken breast accompanied by 1 cup of white rice and 1 cup of carrots with skinless zucchini, seasoned with 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar + 2 small skinless peaches 1 serving of roasted hake fish accompanied by 2 large boiled potatoes without skin and 1 cup of boiled spinach seasoned with 1 teaspoon of olive oil + 1 cooked apple without skin 1 grilled turkey breast + 1/2 cup mashed potatoes + 1/2 cup cooked zucchini, onions, carrots and eggplant sautéed in a little olive oil
Afternoon snack Natural unsweetened yogurt with 1 teaspoon of honey and 1/2 sliced ​​banana Papaya vitamin with skimmed milk or vegetable drink 1 cup of decaf coffee + 2 slices of white bread with ricotta cheese
Dinner 1 baked eggplant stuffed with ground chicken and 2 tablespoons of grated light mozzarella cheese for gratin + 3 tablespoons of rice + 4 tablespoons of steamed carrots, zucchini and okra 1 plate of pumpkin cream with 1/2 cup of toasted cubed bread + 1 boiled pear without skin 1 stuffed wrap stuffed with tuna, carrot and broccoli cubes, 1 teaspoon of olive oil and apple cider vinegar + 1 mashed banana

The diet for gastritis and ulcer, despite having several rules, can have many variations depending on the food tolerance of each person. Therefore, the foods allowed and the menu indicated are just an example, and it is important that the person keeps a food diary and consults the nutritionist so that a complete evaluation is carried out and a nutritional plan appropriate to their needs is prepared.

Forbidden foods

Foods that should be avoided are those that are difficult to digest, such as processed foods, rich in additives, fat and preservatives that irritate the stomach, such as:

  • Processed and high-fat foods,such as sausage, sausage, bacon, ham, turkey breast, salami, bologna, fried foods in general, chicken skin, offal and cuts of meat with a lot of fat;
  • Yellow and processed cheeses, such as cheddar, catupiry, minas and provolone;
  • Dairy, such as whole milk, heavy cream, ice cream, condensed milk, butter and margarine;
  • Ready sauces, such as ketchup, aioli and mayonnaise;
  • Tea green, matte, black and matcha;
  • Drinks, such as soft drinks, processed juices and coffee;
  • Alcoholic beverages;
  • Sugar and refined foods such as cakes, pudding and stuffed cookies;
  • Frozen food such as pizza and nuggets;
  • Dried soups and instant noodles.

In addition, acidic fruits should also be avoided if symptoms such as heartburn or stomach pain arise after consumption. Some people may have gas and may also have an intolerance to foods that cause gas, such as cabbage, broccoli, beans and cauliflower, and in these cases, they should reduce their consumption.

Also, if gastritis appears mainly in times of stress or tension, it may indicate nervous gastritis. See the main symptoms and how to treat gastritis.

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