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Caluses: what are they, how they arise and how to remove them

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Caluses: what are they, how they arise and how to remove them
Caluses: what are they, how they arise and how to remove them

Corns are a thicker, stiffer and thicker area in the outer layer of the skin, which arises due to an excessive production of keratin at that location, and which is the result of constant friction and pressure.

The most frequent regions for the appearance of corns, or calluses, are the feet and hands, especially on the skin that is over a bony prominence, such as heels, toes or plantar region of the hands.

To eliminate calluses, it is essential to avoid friction and pressure in these areas and, therefore, it is recommended to change shoes for more comfortable ones and protect your hands with thicker gloves, for example. In addition, calluses can be removed using natural measures, such as placing your feet in warm water with a few drops of essential oil and applying an exfoliating cream or pumice stone. See a ritual to eliminate the calluses of the feet.


How corns appear

The calluses arise due to repeated friction and constant pressure in a certain region of the body, which change the texture of the skin, making it thicker and hardened. This can happen mainly due to situations like:

  • Wear tight shoes;
  • Use musical instruments repeatedly;
  • Doing weight training without gloves;
  • Working on construction sites carrying weight or using hand tools.

Constant friction and pressure lead to the formation and accumulation of keratin in the skin, a protein that thickens the skin. However, this buildup can take a few days or weeks to notice.

In addition to the aesthetic change, corns can cause pain and often make simple daily activities difficult, such as wearing shoes or practicing physical activity. Therefore, it is essential to take care of the he alth of the feet and hands, to avoid the appearance of calluses and eliminate the existing calluses.

How to remove and prevent corns

To eliminate calluses and prevent them from appearing, it is important to have some daily care to maintain the integrity of the skin. Among them are:

  • Soak your feet in warm water with a few drops of essential oil or sweet almond oil, until the skin becomes more supple;
  • Apply an exfoliating cream, making circular movements over the thickest region, to remove excess keratin from this location. Discover some homemade body scrubs recipes;
  • Sand the region, gently, with a specific sandpaper for the skin, used in beauty salons, to reduce the calluses and make it more uniform. It is important to pay attention not to make intense movements in the region, as it can cause the opposite effect and make the skin thicker. You can use a pumice stone to help remove excess skin;
  • Moisturize the skin of the feet and hands, making gentle movements, until the skin completely absorbs the lotion. See other home remedies for corns.
  • Change shoes for a more comfortable one that avoids pressure areas, especially on the sides and soles of the feet;
  • Use insoles, making the shoes more comfortable and reducing the pressure and friction caused on the feet;
  • Wear thick gloves to protect the skin of your hands when performing movements that cause constant friction, such as picking up weights;

In some cases, medications such as salicylic acid and urea, for example, can be used to soften the calluses, leaving the skin smooth again. In these cases, it is recommended to seek medical advice to guide the specific treatment for each case.

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