Beauty and Cosmetics 2022

Hair falling out a lot: 11 main causes and what to do

Hair falling out a lot: 11 main causes and what to do
Hair falling out a lot: 11 main causes and what to do
Anonim

Excessive hair loss, which is characterized by the loss of more than 100 hairs a day, is worrying and can happen as a consequence of hormonal changes in menopause or andropause, stress, diet poor in nutrients and vitamins or anemia, for example.

Furthermore, hair falling out a lot can also happen postpartum, which is considered normal due to hormonal changes, and it can also happen due to a fungal infection on the scalp or use of medication, especially used in the treatment of cancer.

In these cases, it is recommended to consult the dermatologist to identify the cause and guide the treatment that can be done with adequate food, medicines, nutritional supplements, shampoos, or even aesthetic techniques such as carboxytherapy or laser, or surgical techniques such as hair implant or transplant.

Excessive hair falling out can be caused by:

1. Diet poor in nutrients and vitamins

A diet poor in nutrients, vitamins and minerals, such as protein, zinc, iron and vitamins A and C, can be a cause of hair loss. This is because these nutrients help in hair growth and strengthening, so a diet poor in these nutrients favors hair loss.

What to do: a balanced and nutritious diet rich in protein, iron, zinc and vitamins, such as lean meat, cheese, milk, fruits, vegetables and fresh vegetables, according to the nutritionist's guidance. In addition, it may be necessary to use food supplements that must be indicated by the doctor or nutritionist. Learn more about food for hair falling out.

2. Excessive stress and anxiety

Excessive stress and anxiety can cause a hormonal imbalance of cortisol, a hormone related to stress, which when it has increased levels can cause excessive hair loss, with an increase in the number of strands that fall out per day.. This is due to a condition called telogen effluvium characterized by widespread hair loss on the scalp and interruption of hair growth. Learn more about telogen effluvium.

In addition, stress and anxiety can affect digestion and absorption of nutrients in the body, causing an imbalance of vitamins and nutrients essential for hair growth and strengthening, causing hair to fall out.

What to do: It is important to identify the cause of stress, for example, work, studies or family problem, in addition to seeking activities that give pleasure such as meeting friends, practice physical exercise and develop a hobby, such as photography or sewing, for example.Following up with a psychologist helps to seek self-knowledge and develop emotional balance, relieving stress. See other strategies to combat stress.

3. COVID-19

Some people diagnosed with COVID-19 may experience increased hair loss a few weeks after being infected with SARS-CoV-2, which can last between 6 to 9 months. Some studies indicate that this drop is related to the increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines due to the infection, however it is more likely to be a consequence of the stress, anxiety and/or fever that may be present at this time.

What to do: in most cases, hair loss resulting from COVID-19 resolves between 6 and 9 months after infection, without the need for treatment. In addition, at the same time that the hairs fall out, other hairs are born, so it is common to notice smaller hairs on the scalp.

Despite being a situation that does not require treatment, it is recommended that the dermatologist be consulted for an assessment of the scalp and general he alth status of the person, thus confirming the cause and evaluating the need for treatment to accelerate hair growth and/or prevent hair loss.

4. Menopause or andropause

Menopause, which is the interruption of menstruation by a woman's natural aging process in which the ovary stops producing estrogen, or andropause, which is the male menopause in which the testes decrease the production of testosterone, cause a hormonal change that can cause hair to fall out more frequently.

What to do: consult the gynecologist, in the case of women, or the endocrinologist, in the case of men, so that the need for hormone replacement can be evaluated and, thus preventing hair loss.

5. Postpartum period

During pregnancy the hormones estrogen, progesterone, oxytocin, HCG and prolactin are elevated, which leaves hair looking beautiful and shiny. However, immediately after delivery, hormone levels decrease rapidly, mainly estrogen and progesterone, returning to near-normal values ​​within 24 hours after the baby is born.This can make the hair weaker and fall out more.

What to do: continue to have a balanced and nutritious diet with fresh fruits and vegetables to ensure nutrients for the baby and nutrition of the scalp, reducing hair loss of the hair. In addition, the obstetrician's guidelines for the use of vitamins and supplements during breastfeeding should be followed, as these nutrients also help prevent hair loss.

6. Anemia

Iron deficiency anemia can cause excessive hair loss, as iron is an essential mineral for the production of hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells to all tissues in the body, including the scalp, which, when receiving less oxygen and nutrients, can cause weakening and hair loss.

What to do: you should consult the hematologist to assess the need for iron supplementation, in addition to eating a diet rich in iron guided by a nutritionist, including seafood, cooked chicken liver, pumpkin seeds and dark green leafy vegetables like broccoli or brussels sprouts, for example.Check out the complete list of foods rich in iron.

7. Use of chemical products on hair

The use of chemical products on the hair such as formaldehyde, hair straighteners or hair dye can weaken the strands, which can become drier and more brittle, especially at the root, in addition to damage to the hair cuticle, which can lead to hair loss.

What to do: after using chemical products on your hair, it is essential to take care of your hair using a mild shampoo and conditioner, moisturizing your hair at least once a week, in addition to avoiding the use of a hairdryer or flat iron. If hair continues to fall out, it is recommended to consult a dermatologist who can recommend specific hydration formulas or use of supplements to help restore the root and promote he althy hair growth.

8. Use of medication

Some medications such as warfarin, heparin, carbimazole, isotretinoin, acitretin, lithium, beta-blockers, colchicine, amphetamines, and cancer drugs can promote hair loss.

What to do: you should follow up with the doctor who prescribed the medication, as it should not be discontinued. In addition, you can consult a dermatologist for the use of supplements that do not interfere with the action of the drugs and thus prevent hair from falling out too often. In the case of cancer treatment, some chemotherapy drugs can cause hair loss, which grows back when the person finishes the treatment.

9. Fungal infection

Scalp infection by fungi, called tinea, ringworm or ringworm, can favor excessive hair loss, in addition to causing intense itching of the scalp.

What to do: you should consult a dermatologist who may indicate the use of shampoo or antifungal medication. Learn more about treating scalp ringworm.

10. Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is an imbalance of hormones produced by the thyroid that are reduced, mainly T3 and T4, which are essential for the functioning of all cells in the body, and that can make hair thinner, dry and dull, causing the crash.

What to do: an endocrinologist should be consulted for an evaluation of thyroid hormones and the most appropriate treatment that can be done with the use of medications indicated by the doctor. Find out how hypothyroidism is treated.

11. Alopecia areata

Alopecia areata is a condition caused by genetic factors or autoimmune diseases such as vitiligo or lupus, which cause hair to fall out quickly on the head, and/or in other areas of the body that have hair, such as the eyebrows., beard, legs and arms.

What to do: you should consult a dermatologist to identify the cause of alopecia areata and indicate the most appropriate treatment that can be done with the use of medications, aesthetics such as carboxytherapy or laser, or surgical techniques such as implants or hair transplants. Learn how about treating alopecia areata.

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