General Practice 2022

Moleira in the bebê: what it can be (and what to do)

Moleira in the bebê: what it can be (and what to do)
Moleira in the bebê: what it can be (and what to do)
Anonim

The baby's deep soft spot can be a sign of dehydration or malnutrition and, therefore, if it is found that the baby has a deep soft spot, it is recommended to take him immediately to the emergency room or consult the pediatrician to receive the appropriate treatment, which may include just some home care such as giving lots of fluids, or treatment in the hospital to receive an IV or IV.

The soft spot corresponds to the space in the baby's head where there is no bone, being important to facilitate childbirth and to allow adequate brain growth and is naturally closed throughout the baby's development and, therefore, in most of the time it is not a cause for concern. The baby should only go to the pediatrician if the soft spot does not close until 18 months of age.

The main causes of deep mole are:

1. Dehydration

Dehydration is one of the main causes of deep moles in babies and it is important to treat it as soon as possible, as babies, due to their small size, are at greater risk than adults. In addition to a deep soft spot, other signs of dehydration in a baby include dry skin and lips, diapers that are less wet or dry than usual, sunken eyes, strong, dark urine, crying without tears, drowsiness, rapid breathing, and thirst.

What to do: In these cases it is important to adopt some precautions to rehydrate the baby, such as breastfeeding more often, offering more bottles or offering liquids such as water, coconut water, homemade serum or hydrating solutions that you can buy at the pharmacy. In addition, it is important to keep the baby always cool and away from the sun and heat. If the baby has a fever or dehydration does not go away within 24 hours, it is recommended to take the baby to the hospital to receive an IV drip.

Learn how to combat dehydration in children.

2. Malnutrition

Malnutrition occurs when the baby has a change in the process of absorbing nutrients, which can be due to diet, food intolerances or genetic diseases, which, among other situations, can result in deep soft spot.

In addition to the deep soft spot and weight loss, which is common in cases of malnutrition, other symptoms can also be observed, such as frequent diarrhea, lack of appetite, changes in skin and hair color, slow growth and changes in behavior, such as irritability, anxiety, or drowsiness. See how to identify malnutrition.

What to do: It is recommended that the pediatrician accompanying the baby be consulted so that the severity of malnutrition is identified, in addition to a nutritionist to adapt a food plan for everyone the necessary nutrients. In more severe cases, the baby may need to stay in the hospital to receive food through a vein or nasogastric tube.

3. Diabetes insipidus

Diabetes insipidus can also cause deep soft spot in the baby and is a disease that happens due to a change in the functioning of the kidneys, which causes the baby to urinate in greater quantity and lose a lot of water, causing dehydration. This disease is not very common, but it can be genetic and, therefore, be noticed soon after birth, and can also be developed throughout life. Learn more about diabetes insipidus.

What to do: It is recommended that the pediatrician be consulted so that the diagnosis of the disease is made and treatment begins quickly, which consists of rehydrating the baby, which can be done, in some cases, intravenously. In addition, the doctor may prescribe some medications to reduce urine leakage.

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