General Practice 2022

Baby skin allergyê: main causes, symptoms and what to do

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Baby skin allergyê: main causes, symptoms and what to do
Baby skin allergyê: main causes, symptoms and what to do

A baby's skin allergy is common, as the skin is thinner and more sensitive, thus having a greater susceptibility to infections, for example. In addition, it can be easily irritated by any factor, be it heat or fabrics, leading to the appearance of red spots, itching and a change in skin texture. See which are the most common skin problems in babies.

Allergy can cause a lot of discomfort for the baby, so it is important to consult a pediatrician as soon as the first changes in the skin are observed so that it is possible to identify the cause of the allergy and start treatment.

Skin allergy is common in babies, as the skin is quite sensitive, and the main causes are:

1. Heat

Excessive heat, caused both by wearing too many clothes and excessive exposure to the sun, can lead to skin irritation due to clogging of the pores, and the allergy manifests itself in the form of prickly heat. Prickly heat are small red bumps that can appear on the neck, under the arms or in the diaper area, which can itch and make the baby uncomfortable and irritated.

What to do: It is important to dress the baby in clothes suitable for the climate of the region where you live, giving preference to clothes made of light, thin fabric and cotton, because so it is possible to avoid excessive heat. Also, if the environment is very hot, it is interesting to turn on the fan to soften the heat. To relieve symptoms, the doctor may recommend the use of soothing creams and ointments with antihistamines.

2. Fabrics

Baby's skin is very sensitive and therefore some fabrics can cause allergic reactions in the baby, such as wool, synthetics, nylon or flannel, as they prevent the skin from breathing properly.

What to do: It is recommended to identify the type of fabric to which the baby has allergy symptoms so that it is possible to avoid this type of clothing. In addition, it is better for the baby to wear cotton fabric clothes which, in addition to being softer and associated with fewer cases of allergy, are also a lighter fabric, preventing the appearance of prickly heat due to heat.

3. Chemical agents

Some types of talcum powder, shampoo, moisturizing creams or fabric softeners can also cause irritation to the baby's skin, and the appearance of red spots on the baby's skin may or may not be raised and cause itching, leaving the angry baby.

What to do: In this case, it is important to be aware of any change in the baby's skin after using any of these products, so that it is possible to avoid its use and look for alternatives. In addition, to relieve symptoms, the pediatrician may indicate the use of specific moisturizers for the baby's skin, in addition to soothing ointments and antihistamines.

4. Food

Some foods can cause allergic reactions in the baby and are usually manifested by the appearance of red, itchy spots after eating a certain food or after the baby is breastfed.

What to do: It is important to identify the food responsible for the onset of symptoms. If the baby is still breastfeeding, it is important that the woman pays attention to her diet so that it is possible to identify the food responsible for the allergy. It may also be interesting to consult the pediatrician for tests to help identify the food causing the allergy. Learn how to identify and avoid food allergies in babies.

When to go to the pediatrician

It is important to go to the pediatrician when the cause of the allergy in the baby cannot be identified and the symptoms persist. The main signs of allergy on the baby's skin are:

  • Red spots on the skin;
  • Itching;
  • Rough, wet, dry, or scaly skin;
  • Presence of small bubbles or lumps.

As soon as the signs of allergy are noticed, it is important to take the baby to the pediatrician so that the cause of the allergy can be identified and, thus, the treatment can be started as soon as possible to avoid complications, such as infections, for example. example.

The baby's skin allergy due to the diaper, which is characterized by the presence of reddish spots on the butt or in the genital area, is not really an allergy, but an irritation due to ammonia, which is a substance present in the urine that harms the baby's sensitive skin. Learn about other causes of red spots on baby's skin.

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