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Bergamot essential oil has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antidepressant and anxiolytic properties because it is rich in bioactive compounds such as linalool, carvacrol and bergamot.
This essential oil is extracted from the bark of the green bergamot, which is also known by the scientific name of Citrus bergamia, can be found in he alth food stores and is usually used in aromatherapy or applied to the skin and hair.
By having an intense and refreshing aroma, bergamot essential oil is also widely used in the production of perfumes, shampoos, personal hygiene products and in food, being used as a flavoring.
Bergamot essential oil provides many he alth benefits, including:
1. Fights fungi and bacteria
Bergamot essential oil has antimicrobial properties, helping to fight various bacteria, such as Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogene s, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus, which can be transmitted through food and cause infection and /or food poisoning.
In addition, this essential oil also fights fungi of the genus Candida spp, mainly Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis and Candida parapsilosis, which have been linked to vaginal candidiasis.
2. Decreases pain and inflammation
Bergamot essential oil contains some bioactive compounds, such as linalool, bergamot and carvacrol, which have antioxidant, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce inflammation and muscle soreness.
3. Helps in the treatment of acne and seborrhea
By having astringent, bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties, bergamot essential oil helps to reduce skin oiliness, being an excellent option to complement the treatment of acne and seborrhea.
4. Improves anxiety and stress
Bergamot essential oil acts on the central nervous system and has relaxing and calming properties. Therefore, using this essential oil can improve symptoms of anxiety, stress, and mood swings. Discover other essential oils that help improve anxiety.
How to use
There are several ways to use bergamot oil, it can be used in aromatherapy, by inhalation or applied to the skin.
For use on the skin, it is important to dilute 3 drops of bergamot essential oil in 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil, such as almond, coconut or jojoba oil, for example, and then apply to the skin or scalp.
In addition, the essential oil can also be inhaled, using an aromatic paste or diffuser. Here's how to use essential oils correctly.
Side effects and contraindications
Bergamot essential oil should not be ingested. In addition, this oil is photosensitive, which can cause burns and stains on the skin, and it is recommended to avoid sun exposure for 6 hours after applying this essential oil to the skin.
Also, in some people, bergamot essential oil can cause skin hypersensitivity or allergy, leading to signs and symptoms such as redness, burning sensation and itching in the affected area.
Because there are no studies that confirm the effects of bergamot on children under 12, pregnant or breastfeeding women, it is important to consult a doctor before using bergamot essential oil.