General Practice 2022

Constelaç&family activity: what é, what it is for and how é done

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Constelaç&family activity: what é, what it is for and how é done
Constelaç&family activity: what é, what it is for and how é done

Family constellation is an alternative therapy developed by psychotherapist Bert Hellinger, which aims to facilitate the understanding of psychological disorders, especially those that may be stimulated by the dynamics of family relationships or relationships, through the identification of factors of stress.

This type of approach is considered a pseudoscience, as there is no scientific evidence of its effectiveness and, therefore, it is not approved by the Federal Council of Psychology or the Federal Council of Medicine. However, it is recognized and offered by the SUS, as part of the National Program for Integrative and Complementary Practices (PNPIC).

It is important to emphasize that the family constellation does not promote healing and does not replace psychotherapy with psychologists or medical treatments for psychiatric illnesses.

What is it for

According to the theory behind the family constellation, sessions can help resolve family problems, parent-child relationship difficulties, as well as challenges in intimate relationships.

Thus, people who generally turn to family constellations are those who:

  • Seek to solve family problems;
  • Need to address negative relationship patterns;
  • Want to overcome an inner turmoil;
  • Who have experienced significant trauma or loss.

Furthermore, family constellation therapy also seems to be a great tool for anyone looking to achieve a higher level of professional or personal success.

How therapy is done

Generally, in this type of approach, a group of people who do not know each other are used to replace and assume the role of some family members of the person who is seeking to find a solution to the difficulty or concern that he or she has.

Next, the therapist encourages interaction with these "family members" and asks each individual to try to identify what emotions are behind the person seeking the solution's sentences and behaviors. It is therefore important that none of the people representing the family know the person undergoing therapy or the problem being treated, as these factors should not influence the way emotions are interpreted.

During this time, the therapist stays outside the interaction and tries to assess all perspectives and then, along with the emotions reported by each person, shows the person all the facts about their interaction with the " family", identifying points of greatest stress, which need to be worked on.

Since it is a relatively complex therapy, family constellation does not always bring immediate results, and it may take several sessions before the person begins to identify what needs to change in their interaction with some family members. From one session to the next, it is common for the therapist to switch the roles of different "family members" until he finds the organization/constellation that best helps the person identify their obstacles.

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