Table of contents:
- 1. Dry skin
- 2. Peripheral neuropathy
- 3. Psoriasis
- 4. Athlete's foot
- 5. Chigger
- 6. Hand-foot-mouth syndrome
- 7. Allergy
- 8. Poor circulation
- 9. Dyshidrosis
- 10. Larva Migrans
In most cases, itchy feet are caused by dry skin, especially during winter. However, another very common cause is the overgrowth of fungus, also known as ringworm, which can be treated with antifungal ointments advised by a family doctor or dermatologist.
Itchy feet can also be caused by less common problems such as allergy, psoriasis or poor circulation, for example, and other symptoms may appear that help to identify the problem and define the most appropriate treatment, which will depend what is at the origin of the itch.
1. Dry skin
The skin of the foot can get dry easily because there are no sebaceous glands in this region and people tend to neglect hydration in this area. This dryness can cause intense and persistent itching if left untreated.
What to do: the treatment of dry skin is simple and consists of applying moisturizing creams to the feet daily after bathing. The ideal is to opt for very nourishing creams with urea or salicylic acid in their constitution that help to remove dead skin.
2. Peripheral neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy consists of a set of changes that occur in the nerves of the body, causing symptoms such as pain, tingling, lack of strength, sensitivity in specific regions of the body and itching. This disease is usually caused by diabetes mellitus, leprosy, severe malnutrition or autoimmune diseases.
What to do: treatment is done according to the needs of each person. Painkillers may be prescribed for pain management, such as dipyrone and acetaminophen, and drugs to help with sexual dysfunction, such as sildenafil or tadalafil. In addition, physiotherapy can also be used to rehabilitate the affected areas.
Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes symptoms such as red patches, dry scales, dry skin, itching and pain See more about this disease.
What to do: Psoriasis has no cure, but it can be treated with skin creams and ointments, immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory drugs, and treatments may also be recommended with ultraviolet light.
4. Athlete's foot
Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis or chilblains, is a type of skin mycosis caused by the fungi Trichophyton, Mycrosporon or Epidermophyton, which mainly affects regions on the sole and between the toes, causing intense itching. and peeling.
What to do: treatment consists of applying antifungal creams or ointments, such as clotrimazole or miconazole. If this is not enough, you may need to take itraconazole or fluconazole tablets for about 3 months.It is also necessary to take care of foot hygiene and avoid moisture, because it can worsen the condition and prolong the treatment.
The chigger is a small parasite called Tunga penetrans, which enters the skin, mainly on the feet, where it develops quickly causing symptoms such as pain, itching and redness. Here's how to identify the chigger.
What to do: To treat this infection, the skin parasite has to be removed at a he alth post. In addition, creams based on camphor or salicylated vaseline can be used to facilitate treatment, or if there are many lesions, antiparasitic drugs such as thiabendazole or ivermectin are recommended.
6. Hand-foot-mouth syndrome
Hand-foot-mouth syndrome is a very contagious disease caused by the virus, causing symptoms such as high fever, sore throat, lack of appetite, appearance of canker sores in the mouth and small blisters or spots on the hands and on the feet, which can cause severe itching.Learn how to identify this syndrome.
What to do: The treatment consists of the administration of fever medicine and anti-inflammatories for pain, medicine for itching and ointment for the canker sores in order to relieve the symptoms.
Skin allergy is characterized by an inflammatory reaction that can manifest itself in different regions of the skin, and can be caused by food, cosmetics, medicines, sun or insect bites, for example, and cause symptoms such as itching, redness, peeling, irritation and presence of reddish or white spots or polka dots.
What to do: treatment is usually done with antihistamines such as loratadine or cetirizine, or with corticosteroids such as betamethasone, which are used to treat allergy symptoms, and stop using the allergy trigger.
8. Poor circulation
Poor circulation consists of the difficulty of blood passing through the veins, causing symptoms such as cold hands, swelling in the feet, tingling and itching sensation in the feet and legs and pain in the legs with the appearance of varicose veins.
This problem is more common in women, it can become more intense during pregnancy and cause severe swelling in the feet. Learn how to reduce foot swelling during pregnancy.
What to do: to improve blood circulation you should practice physical exercise frequently, wear elastic compression stockings, avoid sitting or standing for a long time, reduce s alt consumption and maintain an ideal weight.
Dyshidrosis causes the appearance of small blisters filled with clear liquid on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet, especially on the sides of the fingers, which cause intense itching and can last up to 3 weeks. It is more common in summer, with a rise in temperature, or episodes of emotional stress, and although it is not known for sure what causes it, it is thought to be associated with atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis.
What to do: to treat dyshidrosis, the dermatologist may advise the application of corticosteroid creams such as clobetasol or methylprednisolone for example, or the use of corticosteroid tablets when the creams and ointments do not present results or in very extensive cases.
10. Larva Migrans
The cutaneous larva migrans, also known as geographic bug, is caused by a parasite that can be found in soils contaminated by dog or cat feces and penetrate the skin, through small wounds, causing a lot of itching and a reddish lesion. and serpiginous at the entrance, mainly feet, legs and hands.
What to do: the treatment for cutaneous larva migrans is done with the use of antiparasitic drugs, such as Thiabendazole cream in small lesions, or oral Albendazole or Mebendazole in the case of many injuries. Check out how to identify and treat the geographic bug.