Infectious Diseases 2022

Treatment of síndrome mão-pé-mouth

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Treatment of síndrome mão-pé-mouth
Treatment of síndrome mão-pé-mouth

Treatment for hand-foot-mouth syndrome is aimed at relieving symptoms such as high fever, sore throat, and painful blisters on the hands, feet, or intimate area. The treatment should be done under the guidance of the pediatrician and the symptoms usually disappear one week after starting treatment, which can be done with:

  • Fever medicine such as Paracetamol;
  • Anti-inflammatory, such as Ibuprofen, if the fever is above 38°C;
  • itchy ointment or medicine such as Polaramine;
  • Canker sores such as Omcilon-A Orabase or Lidocaine.

Hand-foot-mouth syndrome is a contagious disease caused by a virus, which can be transmitted to other people through direct contact with another person or through contaminated food or objects.This disease is more common in children under 5 years of age and symptoms appear between 3 and 7 days after infection with the virus. Understand more about hand-foot-mouth syndrome.

Care during treatment

It is important to be careful when treating hand-foot-mouth syndrome, as it can be transmitted through coughing, sneezing or saliva, direct contact with blisters that have burst or infected feces.

Thus, some precautions that must be maintained during treatment include:

  • Keep the child resting at home, without going to school or day care, so as not to contaminate other children;
  • Consume cold foods, such as natural juices, mashed fresh fruit, gelatin or ice cream, for example;
  • Avoid hot, s alty or acidic foods, such as soft drinks or snacks, so as not to make a sore throat worse - Know what to eat to relieve a sore throat;
  • Gargling with s alt water to help relieve sore throats;
  • Drink water or natural juices so the child doesn't get dehydrated;
  • Wash your hands after using the toilet to prevent transmission of the virus even after recovery, as the virus can still be transmitted through faeces for about 4 weeks. See how to wash your hands correctly;
  • If the child wears a diaper, change the diaper with gloves and wash your hands after changing the diaper, both at home and at day care, even after recovery.

When the symptoms of the disease disappear, the child can return to school, taking care to wash their hands after going to the bathroom.

Watch the following video and learn how to properly wash your hands:

When to go to the doctor

Hand-foot-mouth syndrome improves naturally between one and two weeks, but it is necessary to return to the pediatrician if the child has a fever above 39ºC, which does not go away with the medication, weight loss, production of little urine or dark urine and very red, swollen, pus-filled bladders.In addition, if the child has dry skin and mouth and drowsiness, it is important to take him to the pediatrician.

This is because these symptoms are usually indicative that the child is dehydrated or that the blisters are infected. In this case, the child should be taken immediately to the hospital to receive an IV drip or antibiotics in case of blister infection.

Signs of improvement

Signs of improvement in hand-foot-and-mouth syndrome include a decrease and disappearance of canker sores and blisters, as well as fever and sore throat.

Signs of worsening

Signs of worsening hand-foot-mouth syndrome arise when treatment is not carried out correctly and include increased fever, canker sores and blisters, which may become red, swollen or begin to ooze pus, drowsiness, poor urine output or dark urine. Learn about other causes of dark urine.

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