General Practice 2022

Stomatitis in babyê: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

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Stomatitis in babyê: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment
Stomatitis in babyê: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Stomatitis in babies is a situation characterized by inflammation of the mouth that leads to the appearance of canker sores on the tongue, gums, cheeks and throat, which can be due to allergies, trauma to the mouth or a consequence of the immune system in development.

However, in some cases, stomatitis can be a consequence of a virus infection, mainly by the herpes virus, this situation being known as herpetic gingivostomatitis, which is accompanied by other symptoms and should be evaluated by the pediatrician.

Treatment for baby stomatitis should be done according to the pediatrician's guidance, and it is recommended that the baby's mouth is always clean and that medication is used to relieve symptoms and reduce discomfort in some cases.

Main symptoms

Stomatitis is more common in babies up to 3 years old and causes symptoms such as irritability and refusal of food, as there may be pain when food touches the gauge. Other symptoms that can arise in case of stomatitis are:

  • Mouth sores or gum inflammation;
  • Pain in mouth and throat when swallowing;
  • There may be a fever above 38ยบ;
  • Feeling generally unwell;
  • Wounds on the lips;
  • Bad breath.

These symptoms can appear at the same time, but the frequent occurrence is just the appearance of canker sores. In the presence of signs and symptoms indicative of stomatitis, especially when there are other symptoms in addition to canker sores, it is important that the child is taken to the pediatrician for an assessment to be carried out, the cause identified and, thus, the most appropriate treatment initiated.

See the symptoms of stomatitis in children over 3 years and what to do.

Causes of stomatitis in babies

Stomatitis can have several causes, being more frequent due to a weakened immune system, the baby's habit of putting dirty hands and objects in the mouth, allergies, trauma to the mouth or as a consequence of a flu, for example. In addition, stomatitis can occur due to contamination by the Herpes simplex virus or the Coxsackie genus, which is related to hand-foot-mouth syndrome, and there are usually other symptoms besides canker sores.

Stomatitis can also be related to children's eating habits, being common to appear due to vitamin B and C deficiency.

How to treat baby stomatitis

Treatment for baby stomatitis should be indicated by the pediatrician or dentist and normally lasts for about 2 weeks, being important to be careful with the food that the baby eats and with the hygiene of the teeth and mouth, in addition to essential to stimulate hydration.

It is important that the baby's mouth is always clean, to avoid the proliferation of microorganisms in the canker sore, and the use of medicines to relieve symptoms and reduce discomfort, such as Paracetamol, for example. In some cases, the use of an antiviral, Zovirax, may be recommended in case of gingivostomatitis caused by Herpes virus. This medication helps to heal mouth sores, but it should only be used with a pediatrician's prescription.

How to feed a cold sore baby

It is important that the baby's feeding is continued even in the presence of canker sores, however it is important to take some care to avoid the worsening of symptoms, such as:

  • Avoid acidic foods such as oranges, kiwis or pineapples;
  • Drink cold liquids like fruit juice like melon;
  • Ingesting soft or liquid foods such as soups and purees;
  • Prefer frozen foods like yogurt and gelatin.

These recommendations help to reduce pain when swallowing, preventing cases of dehydration and malnutrition. Check out recipes for baby food and juices for this phase.

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