General Practice 2022

5 top antibiotics for sore throats

5 top antibiotics for sore throats
5 top antibiotics for sore throats
Anonim

Some antibiotics, such as amoxicillin, azithromycin and cephalexin, may be indicated to assist in the treatment of sore throat, helping to relieve symptoms such as burning and burning in the throat, fever, headache, pain or difficulty swallowing.

Sore throat can be caused by viruses or bacteria that are spread through contact with hands, touching your nose or mouth, touching another person, or touching objects such as doorknobs, phone and toys, causing tonsillitis or pharyngitis. Discover the main causes and learn how to treat pharyngitis.

In most cases, sore throat clears up on its own within 3 to 5 days and does not need antibiotic treatment.Therefore, the use of these drugs is indicated only after evaluation and recommendation by a doctor to prevent complications from infections caused by bacteria, such as the presence of pus or rheumatic fever.

The main antibiotics that can be recommended for the treatment of sore throat are:

1. Amoxicillin

Amoxicillin is an antibiotic generally indicated to treat infections that are caused by the bacterium Streptococcus A., such as pharyngitis and tonsillitis.

The dose and duration of treatment with amoxicillin varies depending on the person's he alth status, age and body weight. However, the drug recommendation for children over 40 kg and for adults is usually between 250 mg and 1000 mg 3 times a day. Understand better how to take amoxicillin.

Who should not use: Amoxicillin is not indicated for people with allergies to the drug, as well as to penicillins or cephalosporins.In addition, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, people with kidney problems, or those who are being treated with other medications should talk to their doctor before starting treatment with amoxicillin.

Possible side effects: Amoxicillin use can cause some side effects such as diarrhea, vomiting, redness and itching of the skin. Although there is no evidence that amoxicillin interferes with the action of contraceptives, reactions such as diarrhea and vomiting can reduce the effectiveness of these drugs and, therefore, it is generally recommended to use other contraceptive methods, such as condoms, during antibiotic use.

2. Azithromycin

Azithromycin is an antibiotic found in the form of a tablet or oral suspension, and is indicated for inflammation caused by bacteria, such as tonsillitis and pharyngitis, or caused by viruses, as in the case of mononucleosis, an infection caused by the Epstein- Barr, which causes symptoms such as fever, pain and sore throat.

The dose and duration of treatment with azithromycin varies according to age and type of disease. Therefore, the recommendation can vary between 250 mg and 1000 mg per day for adults. For children, the dose should be calculated by the pediatrician according to age and body weight. Learn how to take azithromycin.

Who cannot use: Azithromycin is not to be used by people who are allergic to the drug and to erythromycin. In addition, this medication is not recommended for people with liver, kidney and heart disease.

Azithromycin should only be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding with guidance and indication from the obstetrician.

Possible side effects: a azithromycin may cause nausea, headache, drowsiness, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite, or excess gas.

3. Erythromycin

Erythromycin prevents the growth of bacteria, fighting respiratory infections and, therefore, is one of the options to treat sore throats, such as tonsillitis.

This antibiotic can be found in tablet, capsule or liquid form, and is generally recommended to be taken at intervals of 6 to 12 hours, 2 to 4 times a day. However, the dose of erythromycin varies according to he alth status, body weight and age, so it is essential to consult a doctor before using this medication.

Who cannot use: This medication is contraindicated for those who are allergic to erythromycin and azithromycin. People who are using other medications should talk to their doctor because some medications can interfere with the effect of erythromycin. In addition, people with abnormal heartbeats, liver disease, and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should also talk to a doctor before starting azithromycin.

Possible side effects: The most common side effects with this medication are diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, or loss of appetite.In addition, azithromycin can cause severe allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis, which include symptoms such as difficulty breathing, swelling of the mouth and face. Know the symptoms and learn how to treat anaphylaxis.

4. Clindamycin

Being indicated to treat infections, Clindamycin is an antibiotic that reduces or prevents the growth of bacteria, being indicated for the treatment of infections such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis or laryngitis, which can cause inflammation in the throat. See what it's for and how to use clindamycin.

This medication is available in capsule form, and the recommended dose for adults is generally 600 mg to 1800 mg per day, divided into 2, 3 or 4 equal doses. As for children, the dose must be calculated by the pediatrician as it varies according to body weight.

Who should not use: This medicine should not be used by people who are allergic to clindamycin or lincomycin.In addition, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as people with liver or kidney disease, stomach or bowel problems, should inform their doctor before starting to use this medication. Clindamycin is not indicated for people with meningitis. The use of some medications can interfere with the action of clindamycin and, therefore, they should be informed to the doctor before starting treatment.

Possible side effects: Clindamycin use may cause some side effects such as nausea, vomiting, metallic taste in the mouth, joint pain, heartburn or white spots inside the mouth. In addition, this medicine can cause a severe allergic reaction with symptoms such as blistering or peeling skin, difficulty swallowing, swelling of the throat, tongue or lips, in which case it is recommended to seek emergency medical attention.

5. Cephalexin

Cefalexin is an antibiotic that kills and prevents the growth of bacteria, and may be indicated in the treatment of inflammation in the throat that is caused by bacteria, such as pharyngitis.

This antibiotic can be found in the form of a capsule, tablet or liquid suspension and can be taken at intervals of 6 to 12 hours and the treatment lasts on average between 7 and 14 days. However, as the dose and duration of treatment vary according to age and condition of inflammation, it is recommended to consult a doctor before starting use with cephalexin.

Who cannot use: People with an allergy to antibiotics should inform their doctor before starting to use this medication. In addition, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as people with a history of seizures, stomach, esophagus, bowel, kidney or liver disease, also need to inform their doctor before starting treatment with this medication.

Possible side effects: The most common side effects that can occur with the use of cephalexin are nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, heartburn, stomach pain, restlessness, dizziness and tiredness extreme.However, it is recommended to seek emergency care for more serious symptoms such as bloody stools, fevers during or after treatment, skin irritation and itching, difficulty breathing or swallowing, and hallucinations.

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