Table of contents:
- How to confirm pregnancy
- When to take the pregnancy test
- When you suspect pregnancy
- Find out if you are pregnant
- Who is most at risk of becoming pregnant
If you have had unprotected sex, the best way to confirm or rule out a possible pregnancy is to take a pharmacy pregnancy test. However, for the result to be reliable, this test should only be done after the first day of missed period. Before this period, it is possible to have a blood test, which can be done 7 days after intercourse, but which is more expensive and needs to be done in a clinical analysis laboratory.
See the difference between types of pregnancy tests and when to take them.
Although the chances are low, it is possible to get pregnant only after 1 unprotected sexual intercourse, especially if the man ejaculates inside the vagina. In addition, pregnancy can also happen when there is only contact with the lubricating fluids released before ejaculation.For this reason, and although it is rarer, it is possible to get pregnant without penetration, as long as the man's fluids come into direct contact with the vagina. Understand better why it is possible to get pregnant without penetration.
How to confirm pregnancy
Confirmation of pregnancy must be done by the obstetrician and, for this, it is necessary:
- Pregnancy blood test is positive;
- Listening to the baby's heart, through a device called doptone or Doppler;
- See the fetus through an ultrasound or ultrasound of the uterus.
After confirming the pregnancy, the doctor usually plans prenatal consultations that will serve to monitor the entire pregnancy, identifying possible problems in the baby's development.
When to take the pregnancy test
If the woman has had an unprotected relationship and is in her fertile period, the ideal thing is that she takes a urine or blood pregnancy test.This test should be performed after the delay of menstruation, at least 7 days after intimate contact, so that the result is as correct as possible. The two main test options include:
- Urine test: can be purchased at the pharmacy and the woman can do it at home with the first urine of the morning. If it is negative and menstruation is still delayed, the test should be repeated 5 days later. If the second pregnancy test is still negative and your period is still delayed, it is recommended to make an appointment with a gynecologist to investigate the situation. However, if the test is positive, you should seek a blood test to confirm the pregnancy.
- Blood test: this test is done in a laboratory and detects the amount of HCG hormone in the blood, which is released by the placenta in early pregnancy.
These tests are the simplest way for a woman to know if she is pregnant.
Is it possible to be pregnant even when the test is negative?
Current pregnancy tests are quite sensitive, so the result is usually quite reliable, as long as the test is done at the right time. However, as some women can produce few hormones in early pregnancy, the result can be false negative, especially in the case of the urine test. Thus, when the result is negative, it is recommended to repeat the test between 5 and 7 days after the first one.
Learn more about when a false negative pregnancy result can happen.
When you suspect pregnancy
Although the only way to confirm a pregnancy is to take a pregnancy test, there are some signs that can make a woman suspect she is pregnant, such as:
- Delayed period;
- Sickness and vomiting in the morning;
- Increased urge to urinate;
- Tired and sleepy during the day;
- Increased sensitivity in the breasts.
Take the following test and find out your chances of being pregnant:
Find out if you are pregnant
These symptoms do not exclude the chances of having a disease with similar symptoms, such as psychological pregnancy, and therefore you should always consult a gynecologist and undergo tests to confirm pregnancy.
Check out a list of the first 18 pregnancy symptoms.
Is it possible to be pregnant even without symptoms?
In many cases it can take a woman up to 2 or 3 months to identify any symptoms of pregnancy. That's because many of the signs can be difficult to identify and their intensity can vary with each woman.
Furthermore, and although it is rarer, there are also women who may not have any symptoms during their entire pregnancy, discovering that they are pregnant only at the moment of delivery. Learn more about symptom-free pregnancy and the risks.
Who is most at risk of becoming pregnant
When a woman has a regular menstrual cycle, with approximately 28 days, she has a greater chance of becoming pregnant when she is in her fertile period, which normally corresponds to the 2 days before and after ovulation and, which normally happens around the 14th day, from the first day of menstruation. Use our calculator to find your fertile period.
Women who have an irregular cycle, which can be shorter or longer, are not able to calculate the fertile period so accurately and, therefore, the risk of becoming pregnant is greater throughout the entire cycle.
Although there is a greater risk of becoming pregnant in the days close to the day of ovulation, a woman can also become pregnant if she has had unprotected intercourse up to 7 days before ovulation, as sperm can live inside the woman's vagina between 5 to 7 days, being able to fertilize the egg when it is released.