According to the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, the first sign that it is the right time to remove the diaper is when the child starts to warn that he has pooped or peed in the diaper. So, from that moment on, parents should observe and write down the child's habits, especially the time of day when he usually needs to go to the toilet, so that it is possible to start training.
Up to two years of age, the child cannot control the bladder or bowel sphincters, but the potty training can start from 1 year and a half, with the daytime potty training, which takes at least 6 months. A good way to start daytime training is to remove the diaper for a few hours during the day, and gradually leave the child without a diaper throughout the day, watching for signs that the baby wants to relieve themselves and encouraging the use of the bathroom..
Training should be done under the guidance of a pediatrician and, in addition, it is important that parents always be patient and understand that each child has their own time, rhythm and habits, and comparisons with other children should be avoided and always encourage with explanations, conversations and compliments.
Some tips for potty training are:
1. Taking off the diaper a few hours a day
To start potty training, it is important to do it gradually for at least 6 months, starting from 2 years of age, according to the pediatrician's guidance, removing the diaper for a few hours during the day, so that the child gradually gets used to it. not having a diaper and so that parents can observe the child's behavior, understand the signs that the child is going to relieve themselves and encourage the use of the potty.
Gradually you can leave the child without the diaper throughout the day, but the diaper should be kept at night initially.
2. Encouraging the use of the potty
It is important to encourage the child to use the potty or the toilet reducer, from the age of two, according to the pediatrician's guidance, letting them get used to the chosen device. However, initially, the ideal is to use the potty because the child feels more comfortable and safer.
To encourage the use of the potty, the child should initially be seated on the potty with clothes on and gradually suggest that they sit without clothes on, so that the child becomes familiar with the potty. It's important to make sure your child's feet are flat on the floor so that they feel comfortable. It is also important to use simple, positive terms that help encourage the child to start using the potty.
In addition, the potty should be in the bathroom, close to the toilet to encourage the child to associate the needs with the bathroom environment. In some cases, parents may choose to use the toilet reducer, but they must make sure that the child reaches the toilet, using a stool or step stool, and that they feel safe and without fear of falling into the toilet.
In case the child resists using the potty or toilet reducer or doesn't get the hang of using it in a few weeks, it may indicate that he is not yet ready for potty training, and it is recommended not to force use and wait a few months to try again.
3. Create a routine
To encourage potty training, you should create a routine to help with good habits, such as sitting the child on the potty or toilet seat for a few minutes at regular intervals, after meals, upon waking up or before going to bed, and let the child get up when they feel like it.
Also, encourage and praise the child for trying to use the potty or toilet, and remind them to try again later.
In cases of leaving home, such as going to school or on outings with the child, the child should be taken and encouraged to use the potty before leaving home.
4. Talk to the child
It is important to talk to the child and explain what the potty and toilet are and what they are for, showing how to use them and setting an example, how to relieve themselves in the toilet in front of the child, show the toilet paper and flushing, so that the child understands and feels motivated to follow their parents' example.
5. Praise achievement
Each time the child uses the potty or the toilet, whether due to parental encouragement or because the child has signaled that they want to use it, it is important to praise the achievement and show the parents' happiness so that the child feels stimulated and motivated to repeat the use and conquest.
6. Be patient
During potty training, sometimes the child can let out the pee or poop, and it is important that parents have patience and persistence to teach and encourage the child to signal that they want to relieve themselves or use the potty.
Furthermore, the training process for the child takes a long time and the child's rhythm must be followed, always encouraging the baby to start learning without resisting and without negatively associating the last attempts.
7. Do not fight with the child
It is important never to fight or curse the child, so as not to discourage him and make him afraid to try again. Pressure on the child will not make them learn faster, on the contrary, it can generate trauma and delay training.
In cases where the baby does all the peeing or pooping in his underwear or underwear, you should speak calmly to the child, explain that he should pee or poop in the bathroom and change his underwear or underwear for a new one, in a tone of information and not a scolding.
7. Dress the child in light clothing
To facilitate unfurling, dress the child in light, easy-to-remove clothes, such as shorts or pants with elastic, making it easier to remove when the child signals that they want to relieve themselves.
8. Bring extra clothes
In the training phase, it is normal for "accidents" to happen, in which the child pees or poops out of the appropriate place or on his own clothes. Therefore, it is important to go out with the child, taking extra clothes to change in case accidents happen.
When changing the child's clothes, make him/her comfortable and not draw his/her attention to avoid causing trauma.
9. Do night potty training
Evening potty training should be done under the guidance of a pediatrician, being one of the last stages of potty training, in which it is usually recommended when the child has already undergone daytime potty training, and shows some signs that he already has sphincter control and is prepared to remove the diaper at night, such as waking up normally with a dry diaper, asking to go to the bathroom during the day or feeling uncomfortable putting on the diaper at night, for example.
During nighttime training, it is important to talk to the child, explain that they will not sleep in a diaper, and encourage them to call their parents when they want to go to the bathroom at night.
Also, some tips that can help with potty training at night are taking the child to the bathroom at night before going to bed, avoiding giving the child too much liquid before bed or waking the child up at dawn, at least once, and take her to the bathroom.
10. Use waterproof sheets
For both daytime and nighttime training, it is important to have waterproof sheets, to prevent the mattress, sofa or rugs, or other surfaces that the baby uses from getting dirty or wet in case of an “accident”.
11. Understand that relapses happen
Sometimes, during training, it is common for the child to have relapses and go back to using diapers, and it is important that parents do not get discouraged and encourage the child, understanding that each child has their time and that they may not be prepared at that moment to unfurl.
If this happens, you should wait between 4 to 6 weeks and try again, always maintaining the feeling of positivism so that the baby does not feel punished or discouraged.