Table of contents:
- What to do when your baby vomits
- Remedies for vomiting
- What are the possible causes?
- When taking the child to the hospital
Most of the time, vomiting in a child is not a cause for great concern, especially if it is not accompanied by other symptoms. This is because vomiting usually happens due to transient situations, such as eating something spoiled or taking a car trip, which end up being resolved in a short time.
However, if vomiting is very persistent, accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, abdominal pain and excessive drowsiness, or if it appears after accidental ingestion of some type of medication or substance, it is important to consult a pediatrician, to identify the cause and initiate the most appropriate treatment.
Regardless of the cause, when the child vomits it is very important to take some care, so that he does not get hurt and can recover more easily. These precautions include:
1. Position correctly
It is important to position the child to vomit, because in addition to preventing him from getting hurt, it also prevents him from choking on vomit.
To do this, the child should be seated or asked to kneel and then lean forward slightly, holding the child's forehead with one hand, until the vomiting stops. If the child is lying down, turn him on his side until he stops vomiting, to prevent him from choking.
2. Ensure hydration
After each episode of vomiting, it is necessary to ensure correct hydration, because vomiting eliminates a lot of water from the body. Replacement of lost water must be done by offering rehydration solutions purchased at the pharmacy or through homemade serum, which must be prepared using the appropriate measures. See the step by step to prepare homemade serum at home.
Other liquids such as sweetened drinks, fruit juices, energy drinks or teas should be avoided, as they can end up worsening the loss of liquids through feces and dehydration, as they are not balanced in their composition.
3. Stimulating feeding
Food should be stimulated as the child tolerates it, and preference should be given to light and easily digestible foods, such as soup, porridge or soup. These foods should be consumed in small amounts to facilitate digestion.
Fatty foods such as red meats and dairy products such as milk, yogurts or cheeses should be avoided as they are more difficult to digest. Learn how to feed children with vomiting and diarrhea.
What to do when your baby vomits
When the baby vomits, it is important not to insist on feeding and, at the next meal, you should breastfeed or bottle as usual. Also, during periods of vomiting, it is recommended to lay the baby on his side, not on his back, to prevent him from choking if he vomits.
It is also important not to confuse the slug with vomiting, because in the slug there is an effortless return of milk and a few minutes after the feeding, in the vomit the return of the milk is sudden, in a jet and causes suffering in the baby.
Remedies for vomiting
There are drugs that help control vomiting and nausea, but their indication depends mainly on the severity of vomiting and the age of the child. Remedies that are commonly used include:
However, these medications should not be used without first consulting a pediatrician, due to the risk of side effects such as drowsiness, worsening diarrhea and extrapyramidal symptoms, a reaction that mainly affects normal movement.
Despite these risks, the use of these drugs helps relieve vomiting, return to normal eating and prevent dehydration from worsening, reducing the need for hospitalization and intravenous hydration.Here's how to recognize extrapyramidal symptoms, the causes and what to do.
What are the possible causes?
Acute gastroenteritis is a very common cause of nausea and vomiting in infants and children. Other symptoms that commonly occur in acute gastroenteritis include diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, and abdominal pain.
However, there are other possible causes for vomiting in children or infants, such as:
- Metabolic diseases;
- Urinary tract infection;
- Intestinal obstruction;
- Intracranial hypertension.
Some of these causes are more serious and, in addition to vomiting, can cause symptoms such as swelling of the belly, great difficulty in ingesting food and liquids, excessive sleepiness, persistent headache and high fever. Therefore, especially in the presence of other symptoms, it is recommended to consult a pediatrician as soon as possible.
When taking the child to the hospital
It is necessary to consult the pediatrician or go to the emergency room when, in addition to vomiting, the child or baby has:
- High fever, above 38ºC;
- Frequent diarrhea;
- Not being able to drink or eat anything throughout the day;
- Signs of dehydration, such as chapped lips or a small amount of colored and strong-smelling urine. See Signs of Dehydration in Children.
Other signs that, when present, should also be evaluated by a pediatrician include vomiting that persists for more than 8 hours without the child tolerating liquid foods and fever that does not go away even with medication.