Table of contents:
- Material needed for diaper change
- Step by step to change a diaper
- How to put cloth diapers on baby
- How to avoid diaper rash on baby's bottom
- How to stimulate baby's brain during changing
A baby's diaper should be changed whenever it is dirty, or at least every three or four hours after the end of each feeding, especially in the first 3 months of life, because the baby normally poops after suck.
As your baby grows and feeds less at night, you can decrease the frequency of diaper changes, especially during the night, to ensure your baby is able to create a sleep routine. In these cases, the last diaper should be changed between 11 pm and midnight, after the baby's last meal.
Material needed for diaper change
To change a baby's diaper, start by gathering the necessary material, which includes:
- 1 clean diaper (disposable or cloth);
- 1 basin of warm water
- 1 towel;
- 1 garbage bag;
- Clean compresses;
- 1 diaper rash cream;
The compresses can be replaced by pieces of clean fabric or by wipes suitable for cleaning the baby's bottom, such as Dodot or Huggies, for example.
However, the best option is always to use compresses or tissues, as they do not contain any type of perfume or substance that can cause allergies in the baby's bottom.
Step by step to change a diaper
Before changing the baby's diaper it is important to wash your hands and then:
1. Removing baby's dirty diaper
- Lay the baby on top of a diaper, or a clean towel on a firm surface, and remove only the garment from the waist down;
- Open the dirty diaper and lift the baby's bottom, holding the ankles;
- Remove the poop from the baby's bottom, using a clean part of the soiled diaper, in a single movement from top to bottom, folding the diaper in half under the baby with the clean up, as shown in the image.
2. Clean the baby's intimate area
Clean the intimate area with the compresses soaked in warm water, making a single movement in the direction of the genital towards the anus, as shown in the image;
- For a girl: it is recommended to clean one crotch at a time and then clean the vagina towards the anus, without cleaning the inside of the vagina
- In boys: you should start with one groin at a time and then clean the penis and testicles, ending with the anus. You should never pull the foreskin back as it can hurt and cause cracks.
- Throw each compress in the trash after 1 use to avoid soiling areas that are already clean with feces;
- Dry the intimate area with a towel or cloth diaper.
3. Put a clean diaper on the baby
- Put a clean, open under the baby's bottom;
- Put on a diaper rash cream, if necessary. That is, if the butt or groin area is red;
- Close the diaper securing both sides with the adhesive tapes, leaving it under the umbilical stump if the baby still has it;
- Wear your outfit from the waist down and wash your hands again.
After changing the diaper, it is recommended to confirm that it is snug to the baby's body, but it is also advisable to put a finger between the skin and the diaper, to ensure that it is not too tight.
How to put cloth diapers on baby
To put a cloth diaper on the baby, follow the same steps as for the disposable diaper, taking care to place the absorbent inside the cloth diaper and adjust the diaper according to the baby's size.
Modern cloth diaper with Velcro
Modern cloth diapers are more ecological and economical because they are reusable, although the investment is higher at the beginning. In addition, they reduce the chances of diaper rash in the baby and can be used in other children.
How to avoid diaper rash on baby's bottom
To avoid a possible butt rash, also known as diaper dermatitis, it is important to follow some simple tips such as:
- Change the diaper frequently. At least every 2 hours;
- Clean the baby's entire genital region with compresses moistened with water, and avoid the use of wet wipes, as they contain products that can favor the installation of diaper rash in the baby. Use them only when you are not at home;
- Dry the entire intimate area very well with the help of a soft tissue, without rubbing, especially in the folds where moisture is concentrated;
- Apply the diaper rash cream or ointment at each diaper change;
- Avoid using talcum powder, as it favors diaper rash in the baby.
Diaper rash on a baby's bottom is, in general, temporary, but it can develop into a more serious situation, presenting blisters, cracks and even pus if not treated correctly, and therefore, it is important to know how to avoid it. and treat diaper rash.
How to stimulate baby's brain during changing
Diaper change time can be a great time to stimulate your baby and promote his intellectual development. For this, some activities you can do include:
- Hanging an inflatable balloon from the ceiling, low enough so that you can touch it, but not within reach of the baby, causing the ball to move in one direction. side to side while changing your baby's diaper. He will be fascinated and will soon try to touch the ball. After you finish changing the diaper, pick up your baby and let him touch the ball playing with it;
- Talk to the baby about what you are doing when changing the diaper, for example: “I'm going to take the baby's diaper off; now I'm going to wipe your butt; let's put a new and clean diaper for the baby to smell.”
It is very important to do these exercises from an early age and every day with at least one diaper change to stimulate the baby's memory and so that he begins to understand what is happening around him.