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Thin, or atrophic, endometrium is a condition that occurs when the endometrium is between 0.3 and 6 mm thick, which can make pregnancy difficult, as there are greater difficulties for the embryo to implant and develop.
The endometrium is the tissue that lines the uterus internally and is responsible for housing and nourishing the embryo until birth. Learn more about the endometrium.
To thicken the endometrium, it is necessary to carry out a treatment with hormonal drugs, such as estradiol and progesterone, therefore it is recommended to consult the gynecologist.
How to thicken the endometrium
To increase the thickness of the endometrium and thus have a greater chance of becoming pregnant, the doctor may recommend the use of some medicines that help regulate hormone levels and, consequently, increase the thickness of this tissue.Some of the remedies that may be indicated are:
- Sildenafil (Viagra).
- Pentoxifylline (Trental);
- Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin), in low amounts;
- Estradiol (Climaderm);
In women who do not have other fertility problems, the use of these medications is very effective in getting pregnant and there are cases of women who managed to get pregnant with less than 3 cycles of medication. But when there are other problems related to infertility, this period may be longer or it may be necessary to resort to in vitro fertilization.
Natural ways to enlarge the endometrium
There is no natural treatment that is capable of increasing the thickness of the endometrium, but it is believed that the consumption of yam tea has this ability. This is because it is believed that yam tea is able to increase the levels of progesterone in the blood, favoring not only ovulation but also promoting the increase of the endometrium.
Nevertheless, the relationship between yam tea and increased fertility and endometrial thickness is not scientifically proven, therefore, it is recommended that a doctor be consulted to stimulate endometrial thickening.
How to know the size of my endometrium
The only way to know the size of your endometrium is through ultrasound, but as this tissue changes size throughout the menstrual cycle, it is important to perform this exam in the middle of the menstrual cycle, which is where the menstrual cycle is supposed to take place. fertile period, which is when the endometrium is at its greatest thickness.
To get pregnant it is important that the endometrium after fertilization is at least 7 to 8 mm thick. This size can be seen in a uterine ultrasound exam, ordered by the doctor. When this layer is less than 7 mm thick, the doctor may suggest the use of medications that are capable of 'thickening' this layer, such as vasodilators, platelet and hormonal antiaggregants.
Causes of thin endometrium
The endometrium changes thickness naturally during each menstrual cycle, but during the fertile period a woman is expected to be between 16 and 21 mm thick, although it is already possible to keep the embryo at just 7 mm. But women who have an even thinner layer, cannot get pregnant because the endometrium is not enough to nourish the embryo, ensuring its growth.
Some causes for this endometrial decrease are:
- Low concentration of progesterone;
- Presence of pelvic inflammatory disease;
- Use of hormonal contraceptive methods;
- Uterine lesions after curettage or abortion.
Some signs that may indicate endometrial atrophy are irregular menstruation, history of difficulty getting pregnant or miscarriage.