Pregnancy 2022

Áfólic acid during pregnancy: what is it for and how to take it

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Áfólic acid during pregnancy: what is it for and how to take it
Áfólic acid during pregnancy: what is it for and how to take it

Taking folic acid pills during pregnancy does not make you fat and serves to ensure a he althy pregnancy and the good development of the baby, preventing damage to the baby's neural tube and diseases. The ideal dosage must be guided by the obstetrician and it is advisable to start its consumption at least 1 month before becoming pregnant.

This consumption should be started very early because the neural tube, the fundamental structure for the complete development of the baby's nervous system, closes in the first 4 weeks of pregnancy, a period when the woman may not have discovered that she is pregnant.

What is folic acid used for in pregnancy

Folic acid in pregnancy serves to reduce the risk of injury to the baby's neural tube, preventing diseases, such as:

  • Spina bifida;
  • Anencephaly;
  • Harelip;
  • Heart disease;
  • Anemia in the mother.

Furthermore, folic acid is also responsible for helping with placenta formation and DNA development, as well as decreasing the risk of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy. Know all the symptoms that this complication can cause in Preeclampsia.

Recommended doses of folic acid

Generally, the recommended dose of folic acid in pregnancy is 600 mcg per day, but as many of the pills used are 1, 2 and 5 mg, it is common for the doctor to recommend the intake of 1 mg, to facilitate taking the medicine. Some of the supplements that may be recommended include Folicil, Endofolin, Enfol, Folacin or Acfol for example.

In some special cases, such as when the woman is obese, has epilepsy or has had children with a nervous system deficiency, the recommended doses may be higher, reaching 5 mg per day.

Medicines are not the only source of folic acid, as this nutrient is also present in several dark green vegetables, such as cabbage, arugula or broccoli for example. In addition, some processed foods such as wheat flour have been fortified with this nutrient to prevent food shortages.

Foods Rich in Folic Acid

Some foods rich in folic acid that should be consumed regularly include:

  • Boiled chicken, turkey or beef liver;
  • Brewer's yeast;
  • Boiled Black Beans;
  • Boiled spinach;
  • Boiled noodles;
  • Peas or lentils.
Dark green foods rich in folic acid

Dark green foods rich in folic acid

This type of food helps to ensure sufficient amounts of folic acid for the body, and this nutrient is also very important for the baby's father, who, like the mother, should bet on the consumption of these foods to ensure the proper development of the baby. drinks.See other foods rich in this nutrient at Foods Rich in Folic Acid.

See also why the use of vitamin C and E supplements is not recommended during pregnancy.

Does folic acid cause autism in the baby?

Although folic acid has many benefits for the he alth and development of the baby, and can even prevent autism, if it is consumed in excessive doses, it is possible that there is an increased chance of having autism.

This suspicion exists because it was observed that many mothers of autistic children had a high amount of folic acid in the bloodstream during pregnancy. Thus, this risk does not occur if folic acid is supplemented at the recommended doses, of about 600mcg per day, and care should only be taken to avoid excessive consumption, and it is important that any nutritional supplementation or use of medication during this period should be guided. by the doctor.

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