General Practice 2022

7 main causes of female infertility (and treatment)

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7 main causes of female infertility (and treatment)
7 main causes of female infertility (and treatment)

Besides advanced age, the main causes of infertility in women are mainly linked to defects in the structure of the uterus or ovaries, such as a septate uterus or endometriosis, and hormonal changes, such as excess testosterone in the body.

Treatment to get pregnant must be guided by the gynecologist and is performed according to the cause of the problem, using anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, hormone injections or surgery, for example.

The following are the 7 most common causes of infertility in women and the form of treatment that is usually used:

1. Polycystic Ovaries

The presence of polycystic ovaries makes menstruation irregular and can even affect the release of the mature egg. Therefore, women with polycystic ovaries often have difficulty conceiving.

Treatment: is usually done with the use of medicines with hormones that stimulate ovulation, such as Clomiphene, correcting the problem and increasing the chances of a woman getting pregnant naturally. Understand better how treatment for polycystic ovary should be.

2. Early menopause

Early menopause happens when women under the age of 40 can no longer produce eggs, which can be caused by genetic changes or chemotherapy treatments, for example.

Treatment: is usually done through the use of hormone drugs to stimulate ovulation, in addition to daily physical activity and a diet rich in fiber, soy, fruits and vegetables.See better how to identify early menopause and how to treat it.

3. Thyroid changes

Changes in the thyroid, such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, cause a hormonal imbalance in the body, interfering with the woman's menstrual cycle and making pregnancy difficult.

Treatment: Thyroid problems can be easily treated with medications to regulate thyroid function and promote pregnancy. Check out the 8 common thyroid problems and what to do in each case.

4. Inflammation of the tubes

Inflammation of the fallopian tubes, called salpingitis, prevents pregnancy because it does not allow the egg to meet sperm to form the embryo. It can affect one or both tubes, and usually causes signs and symptoms such as abdominal pain, pain during intercourse and bleeding.

Treatment: can be done through surgery to unclog the affected tube or through the use of medication to stimulate ovulation. Learn more about what salpingitis is and how it is treated.

5. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is characterized by the growth of the endometrium, which is the inner lining of the uterus, in places other than the uterus, such as the tubes, ovaries or intestine. Women who suffer from endometriosis, in addition to difficulty getting pregnant, usually also have very intense menstrual cramps, heavy menstruation and excessive tiredness.

Treatment: is usually done through the use of drugs such as Zoladex, which control the progression of the disease, or through surgery to correct the changes in Organs affected organs. Understand better how endometriosis can be treated.

6. Reproductive tract infections

Infections in the female reproductive system can be caused by fungi, viruses or bacteria that irritate the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries, causing changes that prevent the proper functioning of these organs and, therefore, can make pregnancy difficult.

Treatment: These infections can be treated with drugs to fight the causative microorganism, such as antibiotics and antifungal ointments, but in some cases the infection can cause more serious damage, requiring surgery to repair the affected organ.

7. Changes in the uterus

Some alterations in the uterus, mainly uterine polyps or septate uterus, can make it difficult for the embryo to implant in the uterus and end up causing frequent miscarriages.

Treatment: the treatment of these alterations is done through surgery to correct the structure of the uterus, allowing the woman to become pregnant naturally after about 8 weeks of the surgery. Learn more about uterine polyps or septate uterus.

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