General Practice 2022

7 early symptoms of leukemia (with online test)

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7 early symptoms of leukemia (with online test)
7 early symptoms of leukemia (with online test)

Leukemia symptoms may vary slightly depending on the course of the disease and the type of cells affected, as well as the patient's age and immune system activity. In addition, symptoms are usually identified when the disease is more developed, since at that time there is a greater amount of non-functional blood cells circulating, the main ones being:

  1. Excessive fatigue;
  2. Glues on neck, armpits or groin;
  3. Fever above 38º C;
  4. Purple spots or red dots on the skin;
  5. Pain in bones and joints;
  6. Increased frequency of infections, mainly urinary;
  7. Weight loss with no apparent cause.

Although there are two main types of leukemia, the symptoms are always the same, the main difference being in the progression of symptoms. Learn more about the types of leukemia.

Symptom Test

To know the risk of having leukemia, select the symptoms presented in the following test:

  1. 1.Fever above 38º C Yes No
  2. 2.Pain in bones or joints Yes No
  3. 3.Purple spots or red dots on the skin Yes No
  4. 4.Frequent tiredness for no apparent reason Yes No
  5. 5.Glues on neck, armpits or groin Yes No
  6. 6.Weight loss for no apparent reason Yes No
  7. 7.Frequent infections such as candidiasis or urinary tract infection Yes No


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Symptoms of childhood leukemia

Symptoms in children can manifest at any stage. In this case the baby or child may always look tired, not wanting to crawl or walk, and tend to get bruised skin easily. Despite frightening parents, leukemia in children has a good chance of cure when properly treated, so it is always important to immediately consult the pediatrician whenever there are changes in the child's behavior.

How the diagnosis is made

It is important that the diagnosis of leukemia is made early to prevent the progression of the disease and improve the patient's quality of life, and it is recommended that people who have signs and symptoms suggestive of leukemia undergo several tests.

The main test to diagnose leukemia is the blood count, in which there is a change in the amount of leukocytes, accompanied or not by a decrease in the amount of red blood cells and platelets. Through microscopic analysis of the blood, it is also possible to verify changes in leukocytes indicative of changes in bone marrow functioning.

In addition to the blood count, the doctor may request biochemical tests and a coagulogram to investigate leukemia. Confirmation of the diagnosis is usually done through myelogram, in which bone marrow is collected and sent to the laboratory for evaluation and confirmation of the diagnosis. Understand what is and how the myelogram is made.

How the treatment is done

Treatment should be started as soon as possible to increase the chances of cure and may vary according to the type of leukemia. In cases of acute leukemias, chemotherapy is usually recommended, while in chronic cases, the use of specific drugs may be indicated.

Regardless of the type of leukemia, according to the severity and stage of the disease, the doctor may recommend immunotherapy and bone marrow transplantation. See more about leukemia treatment.

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