General Practice 2022

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism

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Symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism

The symptoms of hyperthyroidism are mainly nervousness, irritability, weight loss and an increase in sweating and heart rate, which happens due to the increase in body metabolism that is regulated by the hormones produced by the thyroid and that, in the case of hyperthyroidism, are found in excess circulating in the body.

At first, this disease can be confused with nervousness and hyperactivity due to everyday stress, which delays the proper diagnosis. However, over time the body becomes exhausted, causing a feeling of constant wear and tear.

Thus, if any signs or symptoms that are indicative of hyperthyroidism are noticed, it is important that the person goes to the general practitioner or endocrinologist for the diagnosis and treatment to be initiated, if necessary.

Signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism

The signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism arise due to the unregulated production of hormones by the thyroid, promoting changes in metabolism that can be verified through:

  • Nervousness, anxiety, restlessness;
  • Weight loss despite increased appetite;
  • Excessive sweating;
  • Irregular menstruation;
  • Heart palpitations;
  • Trembling in the hands;
  • Sensation of heat even in a cold environment;
  • Difficulty sleeping and concentrating;
  • Thin and brittle hair;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Decreased libido;
  • Nausea and increased number of bowel movements;
  • Swelling of the legs and feet.

Hyperthyroidism can have several causes, however it is most often related to Graves' disease and, in these cases, symptoms such as bulging eyes and swelling in the lower part of the throat, for example, can also be identified. Learn about other causes of hyperthyroidism and see how the diagnosis is made.

Risk Factors

Some factors increase the risk of having hyperthyroidism, such as being over 60 years of age, having been pregnant for less than 6 months, having had previous thyroid problems or a family history of thyroid diseases, having pernicious anemia, consuming too many iodine-rich foods or medications, such as amiodarone, or having atrial fibrillation heart problems.

So in the presence of symptoms of hyperthyroidism, especially when you have a risk factor for this disease, you should look for a doctor to identify the cause of the problem and start the appropriate treatment, which is recommended by the doctor accordingly. with the symptoms presented and levels of hormones in the blood.Understand how treatment for hyperthyroidism is done.

Learn how diet can help prevent and control thyroid problems by watching the following video:


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