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Escitalopram (Lexapro): what it is for, how to take it and side effects

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Escitalopram (Lexapro): what it is for, how to take it and side effects
Escitalopram (Lexapro): what it is for, how to take it and side effects

Escitalopram, marketed under the name Lexapro, is an oral medication used for the treatment or prevention of recurrence of depression, treatment of panic, anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorders. This active substance acts through the reuptake of serotonin, a neurotransmitter responsible for the feeling of well-being, increasing its activity in the central nervous system.

Lexapro can be purchased in pharmacies, in the form of drops or pills, with prices that can vary between 30 and 150 reais, depending on the form of presentation of the drug and the number of pills, requiring the presentation of medical prescription.

What is it for

Lexapro is indicated in the treatment and prevention of recurrence of depression, in the treatment of panic disorder, anxiety disorder, social phobia and obsessive compulsive disorder. Know what obsessive-compulsive disorder is.

How to take it

Lexapro should be used orally, once a day, with or without food, and preferably always at the same time, and the drops should be diluted in water, orange or apple juice, for example.

The dose of Lexapro should be guided by the doctor, according to the disease to be treated and the age of the patient.

Possible side effects

Some of the most common side effects that can occur during treatment with escitalopram are:

  • Nausea;
  • Headache;
  • Coryza;
  • Increased or decreased appetite;
  • Anxiety;
  • Difficulty sleeping;
  • Drowsy during the day;
  • Dizziness;
  • Tremors;
  • Skin prickling sensation;
  • Diarrhea or constipation;
  • Vomiting;
  • Dry mouth;
  • Increased sweat production.

In addition, some people may experience muscle pain, joint pain, sexual disorders, fever, tiredness, and weight gain.

Who should not take it

Lexapro is contraindicated in children under the age of 18 years, patients with hypersensitivity to the components of the formula, in patients with cardiac arrhythmia and in patients who are taking monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) drugs, including selegiline, moclobemide and linezolid or medicines for arrhythmia or that can affect the heart rhythm.

In case of pregnancy, breastfeeding, epilepsy, kidney or liver problems, diabetes, decreased blood sodium levels, tendency to bleed or bruising, electroconvulsive therapy, coronary heart disease, heart problems, history of a heart attack, problems with dilated pupils or irregular heartbeats, Lexapro should only be used under a doctor's prescription.

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