General Practice 2022

Compression socksão: what are they for and when notã

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Compression socksão: what are they for and when notã
Compression socksão: what are they for and when notã

Compression stockings, also known as compression stockings or elastic stockings, are stockings that exert pressure on the leg and improve blood circulation.

Currently there are several types of compression stockings, with different pressure and height gradients, with some that only cover the foot, others that reach the thigh and others that cover the entire leg and abdomen. Thus, it is important that compression stockings are indicated by the doctor or nurse according to the purpose of their use.

What they are for

Compression stockings by putting pressure on the legs help the blood return from the feet to the heart, thus functioning as a kind of pump that acts against the force of gravity, helping the return of blood and improving blood circulation.

Thus, compression stockings are indicated in cases where there is a change in heart valves or obstructed veins, so that blood circulation is compromised. Thus, other situations in which the use of compression stockings may be indicated are:

  • Venous insufficiency;
  • Thrombosis history;
  • Presence of varicose veins;
  • History of post-thrombotic syndrome;
  • Pregnancy;
  • After surgery, especially when the postoperative period requires the person to sit or lie down all day;
  • Older people, as blood circulation is more compromised;
  • Feeling of heavy, painful or swollen legs.

In addition, the use of compression stockings can be indicated for people who spend much of the day sitting or standing, as it can also compromise blood circulation.Other situations in which the use of compression stockings may be suggested are on long trips, as the person sits for many hours.

Watch the following video and see how to improve your comfort while traveling, even if you suffer from swelling in your legs and feet:

When not indicated

Despite all their benefits, compression stockings should only be used under medical advice, being contraindicated in the following situations:

  • Ischemia;
  • Uncontrolled heart failure;
  • Infections or wounds in the legs or in the areas covered by the socks;
  • Skin infections;
  • Sock material allergy.

Furthermore, although these socks are suitable for situations where it is necessary to spend a large part of the day sitting or lying down, they are not suitable for bedridden people who are unable to get out of bed, as they may end up increasing the risk of appearance of clots.

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