General Practice 2022

How to alleviate the most common vaccine reactions

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How to alleviate the most common vaccine reactions
How to alleviate the most common vaccine reactions

Fever, headache, swelling or redness at the site are the most common side effects after getting a vaccine, be it the flu, COVID-19 or any other vaccine that is part of the vaccination schedule.

Usually, the effects appear within 48 hours after vaccination and are more common in children, and can make them more irritable, restless and tearful due to discomfort.

In most cases, the symptoms are not serious and pass between 3 to 7 days, with just some care at home and without having to go back to the doctor. However, if the reaction continues to worsen or if there is a lot of discomfort, an evaluation should always be carried out at a he alth center or hospital.

The most common side effects can be alleviated as follows:

1. Redness, swelling and pain at the site

After the vaccination, the arm or leg region may become red, swollen and hard, causing pain when moving or touching. These symptoms are common and generally not cause for concern, even if they cause some discomfort and limit movement for a few days.

What to do: It is recommended to apply ice to the vaccine site for 15 minutes, 3 times a day until the symptoms disappear. The ice must be covered with a diaper or cotton cloth, so that the contact is not direct with the skin.

2. Fever or headache

After the application of the vaccine, a low-grade fever may develop for 2 or 3 days. In addition, headaches are also common in these cases, especially on the day the vaccine was administered.

What to do: A good natural way to relieve headache and fever is to rest and put a cloth dampened with cold water on your forehead. Check out other ways to lower your fever and relieve your headache.

However, you can also take antipyretic medicines and pain relievers prescribed by the doctor, such as paracetamol, which help in relieving fever and pain more quickly. These remedies can be prescribed in the form of syrup, drops, suppository or tablets, and the recommended doses must be indicated by the pediatrician or general practitioner. Learn how to take paracetamol correctly.

3. Tiredness, muscle pain and malaise

After the application of a vaccine, it is normal to feel malaise, tiredness, muscle pain and drowsiness in the first 3 days. In the case of babies or children, these symptoms can be manifested through constant crying, irritability and unwillingness to play, and the baby may also become sleepy and without appetite.

What to do: It is advised to rest and avoid strenuous activities such as cleaning the house or training. In addition, it is important to drink plenty of fluids during the day, such as water, tea, natural juice or coconut water, for example.

4. Diarrhea, nausea or vomiting

Gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea, nausea and vomiting are also relatively frequent, especially in children. However, they tend to disappear quickly, lasting an average of 2 or 3 days.

What to do: you should eat light foods throughout the day to facilitate digestion, such as vegetable soup, cooked fruit or white rice, for example, always drinking lots of water to ensure hydration. In the case of the baby, one should choose to give small amounts of milk or porridge to avoid indisposition. Check out more tips on how to stop diarrhea.

When to go to the doctor

When the fever lasts for more than 3 days or when the pain and redness at the site does not go away after about a week, it is recommended to consult a doctor, as there may be other causes for the symptoms manifested, which may need proper treatment.

In addition, when the child is unable to eat well after 3 days, it is also advisable to consult the pediatrician, who will assess the reasons for the lack of appetite.

In the most serious cases, side effects caused by the vaccine may include difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, intense itching or feeling of a lump in the throat, and immediate medical assistance is indicated. These symptoms are often caused by a severe allergy to one of the components of the vaccine.

Is it safe to vaccinate during COVID-19?

Vaccination is important at all times of life and therefore should not be interrupted during times of crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to the COVID-19 vaccine, it is recommended to continue respecting all vaccines that are part of the vaccination calendar. See more about COVID-19 vaccines.

He alth services are prepared to carry out vaccination safely, both for the person who will receive the vaccination and for the professional. Non-vaccination can lead to new epidemics of vaccine-preventable diseases.

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