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Low immunity can be perceived when the body gives some signs, indicating that the body's defenses are low and that the immune system is not being able to fight infectious agents, such as viruses and bacteria, which can do make the person sick more often and experience symptoms such as frequent chills, fever, and recurrent infections.
The immune system corresponds to a set of organs, tissues and cells that act together with the objective of fighting invading agents and, thus, preventing the development of diseases. Understand how the immune system works.
Signs and symptoms of low immunity
When the body's defense is low, some signs and symptoms may appear, the main ones being:
- Recurrent infections such as tonsillitis or herpes;
- Simple illnesses, but that take time to pass or that get worse easily, such as the flu;
- Frequent fever and chills;
- Often dry eyes;
- Excessive fatigue;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Diarrhea for more than 2 weeks;
- Red or white spots on the skin;
- Sharp hair loss;
Therefore, when noticing any of these symptoms, it is important to adopt measures that help strengthen immunity, such as having a he althy diet, for example, since some foods are capable of strengthening and stimulating the immune defense cells. body. Here's What to Eat to Boost Immunity
What can weaken the immune system
The decrease in the activity of the immune system can happen due to several situations, including situations of stress and anxiety, for example. In addition, some chronic diseases such as AIDS, lupus, cancer and diabetes can also decrease the activity of the immune system and favor the appearance of other diseases.
The use of immunosuppressive drugs, corticosteroids or antibiotics are also capable of weakening the immune system, and it is important to inform the doctor of the symptoms you present so that the suspension or change of the drug can be indicated to avoid compromising the functioning of the defense cells of the organism.
In addition to diseases, immunological factors and medication use, the functioning of the body's defense system can also be compromised due to lifestyle habits, such as lack of physical activity, alcoholism, smoking and unhe althy diet.
Low immunity in pregnancy
During pregnancy, it is normal to have a weakened immune system, due to hormonal changes and changes in the woman's body, and it is necessary to pay extra attention to avoid problems such as flu and urinary infections.
Therefore, to avoid complications it is important to always go to prenatal consultations, eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants, such as oranges, pineapples, lemons, carrots and cabbage, and take the vaccines to flu during pregnancy. In this way, it is possible to protect both mother and baby.
How to improve immunity
To improve immunity, it is important that people change their life habits, including physical activity on a daily basis and improving eating habits, giving preference to foods that stimulate the functioning of the immune system, such as Brazil nuts, fish, carrots and spinach, for example.
Furthermore, in case the symptoms of low immunity are frequent or in case the person has diseases or risk factors that weaken the body's defense system, it is important to go to the doctor so that treatment can be indicated. cause of the decrease in the activity of the immune system, in addition to being recommended to carry out blood tests so that it is possible to evaluate the defense cells.In some cases, the doctor may also indicate the use of home remedies, such as echinacea tea, as a way to complement the treatment for low immunity.