General Practice 2022

Remédios for anxiety: natural and farmácia

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Remédios for anxiety: natural and farmácia
Remédios for anxiety: natural and farmácia

Treatment for anxiety can be performed with medications that help reduce characteristic symptoms, such as antidepressants or anxiolytics, and psychotherapy. Medications should only be used if indicated by the psychiatrist. In addition, in milder cases, natural herbal remedies based on passionflower, valerian, chamomile or St John's wort can also be used, provided that they are guided by a herbalist or professional specialized in the use of medicinal plants.

Anxiety is a psychological state that precedes moments of danger, and when it occurs excessively, it ends up creating a state of constant alert and fear that affect tranquility and cause unpleasant bodily sensations, such as rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, excessive sweating, body aches and abdominal discomfort.Know how to identify stress and anxiety and learn about their consequences for the body.

Pharmaceutical Medicines

In the presence of signs and symptoms that indicate anxiety, it is important to seek the follow-up of a psychologist or psychiatrist, so that their causes are identified and the best forms of treatment are indicated, which usually begin with psychotherapy and only afterwards. include medication use. However, in more severe cases, the psychiatrist may indicate the use of medication before psychotherapy.

There are a variety of medications that can be used to treat anxiety, which will depend on the type of anxiety disorder a person has or the presence or absence of other mental or physical disorders.

Some examples of pharmacy remedies for anxiety are:

1. Antidepressants

Some types of antidepressants can help manage anxiety, even if people don't have symptoms of depression.Studies show that when people are experiencing anxiety problems, certain changes occur in the brain's neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine.

When starting treatment with these drugs, it is important to take into account that the onset of anxiolytic action is gradual. Examples of antidepressants used to treat anxiety are imipramine, sertraline, paroxetine or venlafaxine, for example.

2. Benzodiazepines

Also called tranquilizers or anxiolytics, this class of medication is often prescribed in cases of anxiety for a short period of time. These remedies help a person relax and reduce tension, but are not recommended for prolonged use, due to their additive effects and because they reduce alertness and affect coordination.

Examples of benzodiazepines used in the treatment of anxiety are lorazepam, bromazepam, diazepam or clonazepam, for example.

3. Buspirone

Buspirone belongs to a class of anxiolytic active substances, the azapirones, which do not carry risks of abuse, dependence or withdrawal, nor do they interact with other hypnotic drugs or alcohol. In addition, this substance also does not present sedation or psychomotor changes.

Generally, this remedy is indicated for people who have a history of drug abuse or other toxic substances.

4. Beta-blockers

Although they are less effective than the drugs described above, beta-blockers may be useful in people with severe somatic symptoms. These drugs have a peripheral action, reducing the influence of the perception of peripheral somatic symptoms, such as tremors and rapid heartbeat, on the cognitive symptoms of anxiety.

An advantage of β-blockers over benzodiazepines is the lower incidence of cognitive impairment. Examples of beta-blockers used in anxiety are propranolol, oxprenolol and nadolol.

5. Antihistamines

Although they are mainly used in the treatment of allergies, some antihistamines have shown an effect in the treatment of cases of anxiety. Among them, the most used is hydroxyzine, an H1 antagonist. However, further studies are needed on the effect of these drugs on anxiety and, for this reason, antihistamines are usually not indicated at the beginning of treatment.

Natural Anxiety Remedy Options

Some of the top natural ways to manage anxiety in milder cases include:

  • Increase consumption of foods rich in nutrients such as magnesium, omega-3, fiber and tryptophan, such as bananas and chocolate, for example. See more foods;
  • Practicing low-intensity physical exercises such as walking, Pilates or yoga. See other ways to calm the mind with exercises;
  • Use home remedies, such as passion fruit juice, banana smoothie, passion flower tea, broccoli tea, lemon balm or lemon balm tea, St. calming and anxiolytic actives.

Watch the following video and see some examples of natural tranquilizers to reduce anxiety:

In addition, it is also recommended to invest in relaxation methods, such as meditation or breathing techniques, for example, which help a lot in controlling symptoms. Also check out other tips to help control anxiety.

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