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Homemade and natural mosquito repellents can be used on the body, as is the case with clove or citronella repellent, or used in the environment, as with vinegar repellent or electronic repellent made with lemon peel, for example.
These homemade repellents can be used especially to prevent the bite of the Aedes Aegypti mosquito, which transmits dengue, Zika and Chikungunya, or mosquitoes that cause malaria or yellow fever, as well as mosquitoes and gnats. However, it should be noted that the effectiveness time of homemade repellants is relatively low, which makes it necessary to reapply them more frequently than drugstore repellents.
Homemade repellents are also good options for use by people who do not want or cannot use chemical products, either in the form of repellent for the body or for the environment.
Repellents for the body
Homemade repellents for the body can be used on all skin exposed to mosquitoes, such as arms, face and legs, however, care must be taken not to apply too close to the eyes or mucous membranes such as the mouth or nose as they can cause irritation. In addition, it is recommended to wash hands after application to avoid accidental contact with eyes, mouth and nose.
Another important recommendation is to also spray homemade repellents on top of clothes because the mosquito stinger can penetrate very thin fabrics, reaching the skin.
1. Clove repellent
Homemade repellent with cloves is rich in eugenol, an essential oil with insecticidal properties, which repels the Aedes aegypti mosquito that causes dengue, Zika and Chikungunya, as well as flies and ants.
This homemade repellent can be used by teenagers and adults, including pregnant women, and the maximum duration of this repellent on the skin is 3 hours.
- 500 mL of grain alcohol;
- 10 g of cloves;
- 100 mL of almond or mineral oil.
Place the alcohol and cloves in a dark bottle with a lid, protected from light, for 4 days. Stir this mixture 2 times a day, morning and night. Strain and add the body oil, shaking lightly and place the repellent in a spray bottle.
This lotion can also be used on surfaces that tend to have ants, as it is a great way to keep them away. If ants tend to stay in sugar, what you can do is put a few units of cloves inside the sugar bowl.
2. Eucalyptus Oil Repellent
Homemade eucalyptus oil repellent contains the substance menthol glycol, which is a natural repellent for mosquitoes, including Aedes aegypti, and also for ticks such as Borrelia burgdorferi which causes Lyme disease.
This repellent can be used by pregnant women and children over 3 years old, and it lasts for up to 6 hours. See other natural repellents that can be used by pregnant women, babies and children.
- 15 drops of eucalyptus oil;
- 3 to 4 tablespoons of almond or mineral oil;
- ¼ cup of water.
Mix all ingredients together and place in a spray bottle. Spray this solution under the skin, reapplying every 6 hours. This repellent solution can also be sprayed in the environment.
3. Citronella repellent
The homemade citronella repellent is made from the essential oil of this plant and has citronellal, citronellol and geraniol in its composition with insecticidal properties against the dengue mosquito, malaria and yellow fever, in addition to the mosquito and the muriçoca.
This repellent lasts for 2 hours and can cause eye irritation or skin allergy and should not be used by pregnant women, children and people with high blood pressure.
- 5 drops of citronella essential oil;
- 1 tablespoon of coconut oil or sunflower seed oil.
Mix the ingredients and place in a spray bottle. Spray onto skin, spreading on areas exposed to mosquitoes such as arms and legs. Avoid rubbing on face and wash hands after application to avoid accidental contact with eyes, mouth and nose.
Citronella can also be used in the form of candles or diffusers in the environment to ward off mosquitoes.
4. Lavender repellent
This repellent, made with lavender essential oil, can be used as a homemade repellent for babies, from 2 months of age, to prevent the bite of dengue, Zika and Chikungunya mosquitoes, and mosquitoes.
In addition, the homemade repellent with lavender soothes and moisturizes the skin and the action time is approximately 3 hours.
This homemade repellent should not be used by pregnant women.
- 1 pack 150 ml of moisturizing cream;
- 1 spoon of lavender essential oil.
In a glass container, mix the moisturizing cream and oil very well and then store in a clean, dry bottle. Apply to all areas of the body exposed to mosquitoes daily.
5. Catnip Repellent
The catnip, also known as catnip or catnip, is a medicinal plant that contains nepetalactone, a component of its essential oil, with insecticidal action against the Aedes aegypti mosquito that causes dengue, Zika and Chikungunya, and against the malaria mosquito. See other uses of catnip.
This homemade repellent is made with the essential oil of this plant and has a maximum action time of up to 7 hours.
Catnip repellent should not be used by pregnant women and children.
- ½ teaspoon of catnip essential oil;
- 1 cup of almond oil tea.
Mix the ingredients and place in a spray bottle. Spray under the skin and spread. Wash your hands afterwards.
Repellents for environments
Homemade repellents for environments can be used in the form of a spray, sprayed in places where the mosquito can enter such as windows and doors, or be used in electronic devices in the environment.
Some options for homemade and natural repellents for environments are:
1. Repellent with vinegar
Homemade repellent with vinegar is a good option to keep mosquitoes away from dengue, Zika and Chikungunya, and should only be used in the environment.
- 1 cup vinegar;
- 1 cup of water.
Mix the ingredients and put in a spray bottle. Spray the solution on windows and doors.
2. Repellent for flies
An example of a homemade fly repellent is putting cloves stuck in half of a lemon or orange.
Clove has properties that irritate insects and these properties are more evident in contact with these citrus fruits.
- 10 g of cloves;
- 1 orange or 1 lemon.
Skewer the cloves on the outside of the fruit and leave it in the open air. To enhance the effect, you can also cut the orange or lemon in half and stick the cloves inside. In addition, you can squeeze the fruit a little, the juice is more evident and has greater action together with the cloves.
3. Electronic repellent
A great homemade electronic repellent against mosquitoes and other insects is to use lemon or orange peel in the electronic device, instead of the refill of these industrialized repellents.
This repellent may not be enough to ward off mosquitoes, so the person should also use a repellent on the skin.
- 1 rectangular slice of lemon or orange peel;
- 1 electronic repellent device.
Place the rectangular slice of lemon or orange peel inside the reserved place to put the refill of the electronic repellents that you put in the sockets and change the peel daily.