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The diet to help with dengue recovery should be rich in foods that are sources of protein and iron, as these nutrients help prevent anemia and strengthen the immune system.
In addition to foods that help fight dengue, you should avoid some foods that can increase the risk of bleeding, such as pepper, ginger and red fruits, for example.
Maintaining a he althy and varied diet favors the fight against dengue, which is why it is important to eat frequently, rest and drink between 2 to 3 liters of water a day to keep the body hydrated.
The most suitable foods for people with dengue are especially those rich in protein and iron, which are important nutrients to avoid anemia and increase the formation of platelets, since these cells are reduced in people with dengue, being important to prevent the occurrence of hemorrhages. Foods rich in protein and iron that help fight dengue are:
- Low-fat red meats;
- White meats like chicken and turkey, fish;
- Dairy products;
In addition, some teas such as chamomile, peppermint and feverfew are also indicated to help relieve symptoms of dengue, such as nausea, headache and body pain. See other teas indicated to improve the symptoms of dengue.
Studies indicate that vitamin D supplementation can help the immune system fight dengue, due to its immunomodulatory effect, as well as vitamin E supplementation, due to its antioxidant power, which protects cells and strengthens the immune system.
Foods to avoid
Foods that should be avoided in people with dengue are those that contain salicylates, which is a substance produced by plants to defend themselves against some microorganisms. As these compounds act in a similar way to aspirin in the body, their excessive consumption can thin the blood and interfere with blood clotting, favoring the appearance of hemorrhages.
These foods are:
- Fruits: blackberries, blueberries, plums, peaches, melon, banana, lemon, tangerine, pineapple, guava, cherry, red and white grape, pineapple, tamarind, orange, green apple, kiwi and strawberry;
- Legumes: asparagus, carrots, celery, onion, eggplant, broccoli, garlic, tomato, green beans, peas and cucumber;
- Dried fruits: raisins, prunes, dates and cranberries;
- Nozes: almonds, walnuts, pistachios, Brazil nuts and peanuts in shell;
- Spices and sauces: mint, cumin, tomato paste, mustard, cloves, coriander, paprika, cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg, chili powder or red pepper, oregano, turmeric, thyme and fennel, white vinegar, wine vinegar, apple cider vinegar, mixed herbs and curry;
- Drinks: red wine, white wine, beer, coffee and natural fruit juices;
- Some teas: white willow, ginger, willow, heartwood, wicker, willow, parsley, rosemary, oregano, thyme and mustard;
- Other foods: cereal with coconut, corn, nuts, olive oil and coconut oil, honey and olives.
In addition to avoiding these foods, you should also avoid some medications that are contraindicated in cases of dengue, such as acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), for example. Find out which drugs are allowed and prohibited for dengue.
Menu for dengue
The following table provides an example of a menu of what to eat to recover faster from dengue:
|Day 1||Day 2||Day 3|
|Breakfast||Pancakes with white cheese + 1 glass of milk||1 cup of chamomile tea + 2 scrambled eggs on 1 piece of toast||1 cup skim milk + 2 slices of buttered bread + 1 slice of papaya|
|Morning snack||1 pot of plain yogurt + 1 tablespoon of chia seeds + 1/2 banana||1 apple||1 slice of watermelon|
|Lunch / Dinner||Grilled chicken breast fillet, served with white rice and beans + 1 cup of cauliflower salad + 1 dessert spoon of linseed oil||Fish cooked with pumpkin puree, served with beet salad + 1 dessert spoon of linseed oil||Turkey breast fillet with chickpeas, served with lettuce salad and 1 dessert spoon of linseed oil|
|Afternoon snack||1 pear||1 cup oat milk porridge||3 rice crackers with cheese|
The types of foods and quantities described on the menu vary according to the person's age, sex and general he alth status.Therefore, it is recommended to have the follow-up of a nutritionist for a complete evaluation and a nutritional plan suited to individual needs.