General Practice 2022

14 diseasesças that cause red spots on the skin (with pictures)

Table of contents:

14 diseasesças that cause red spots on the skin (with pictures)
14 diseasesças that cause red spots on the skin (with pictures)
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Red spots on the skin in adults can happen due to several situations, and can happen due to an allergy or be one of the signs of cancer, for example. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to all the symptoms that may arise, such as itching, fever or cough, for example, and consult the doctor, so that an evaluation of the stains is carried out and tests are indicated to help identify the cause..

So, once the cause of the spots is identified, the doctor can recommend the most appropriate treatment, which may involve the use of analgesic, anti-inflammatory or antibiotic drugs, in some cases.

What could be the red spot

To be able to more easily identify what could be causing your red spot, please answer the following questions:

  • All over the body.
  • A specific part of the body.
  • Yes, all day.
  • scabies=si"' > Yes, especially at night.
  • Spots don't itch.
  • I also have white dots or spots on the inside of my cheeks and/or other symptoms such as high fever, coughing up phlegm, hypersensitivity to light, diarrhea and/or vomiting.
  • My spots peel and heal.
  • None of the above.
  • hinchadas=si"' > Swollen or raised spot.
  • hinchadas=no"' > Appears when it's too hot or when I sweat excessively.
  • hinchadas=no"' > Has a whitish or gray center, with defined red or pink edges.
  • hinchadas=no"' > It flakes off and has (or doesn't) blisters filled with liquid.
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    • I have been in contact with animal hair, plants or chemicals.
    • I consumed something different than usual for less than 2 hours.
    • I am taking a new medication or have been taking a medication for many years.
    • insecto=si, @block-E2"' > I was bitten by an insect.
    • None of the above.
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      • I work or live in a damp place, sweat excessively, or wear synthetic clothing.
      • I have a chronic illness, such as HIV, cancer, diabetes, or I am taking an immunosuppressant.
      • None of the above.
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        • Yes.
        • No.
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          • Yes.
          • No.
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            • insecto=no"' > On the face.
            • scabies=no, @block-I4"' > Between fingers, toes, or elbows.
            • Other regions.
            • The stain is found on the nose and cheeks, in the shape of butterfly wings.
            • The stain is scaly and thick, especially on and around the nose.
            • Appeared on the face, but is spreading towards the chest.
            • None of the above.
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              • Spots peel and heal.
              • Facial skin is sensitive, hot, swollen or inflamed.
              • I have white dots or spots on the inside of my cheeks and/or other symptoms such as high fever, coughing up phlegm, hypersensitivity to light, diarrhea and/or vomiting.
              • I have a low-grade fever, red spots on my palate, and/or lumps behind my ears or on my neck.
              • None of the above.
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                • Yes.
                • No.
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                  • Yes.
                  • No.
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                    • Yes.
                    • No.
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                      • Yes.
                      • No.
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                        • Yes.
                        • No.
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                          • Yes.
                          • No.
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                            • Yes.
                            • No.
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                              • Yes.
                              • No.
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                                • Yes.
                                • No.
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                                  • Yes.
                                  • No.
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                                    • Yes.
                                    • No.
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                                      • Yes.
                                      • No.
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                                      • Doesn't look like any/not sure.
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                                        • Yes.
                                        • No.
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                                          • Yes.
                                          • No.
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                                          • Doesn't look like any/not sure.
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                                          • Doesn't look like any/not sure.
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                                            • Yes.
                                            • No.
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                                              Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that is transmitted by inhaling droplets of saliva when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

                                              Measles can cause symptoms similar to a cold or flu, but its most characteristic sign is the appearance of several red spots that appear on the face, but spread throughout the body. In addition, white spots on the inside of the cheeks and hypersensitivity to light are also common.

                                              8 main measles symptoms

                                            • Measles treatment: medicines and other important precautions

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                                            Lupus is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in various parts of the body, but mainly in the joints, skin, eyes, kidneys, brain, heart and/or lungs.

                                            Lupus is more common in young women and can cause a red spot on the face (shaped like butterfly wings) or red spots all over the body. In addition, other associated symptoms usually appear, such as fever, excessive tiredness, malaise, sensitivity to light, among others.

                                            15 main symptoms of lupus (with online test)

                                          • Is lupus curable? 5 ways to control symptoms

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                                          Scabies is an infection caused by a mite that infects the skin and causes symptoms such as intense itching and redness.

                                          This disease is highly contagious and is spread through direct contact with the skin of another infected person or through shared use of towels, sheets and clothing.

                                          Human scabies: what it is, main symptoms and treatment

                                        • Remedies for Mange (and How to Use)

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                                        Prickly heat, also called miliaria, is a response of the body to excess heat and sweat, which causes the appearance of small red blisters that itch and/or burn, being more frequent on the face, neck, back, chest and thighs.

                                        Prickly heat: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

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                                      Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease whose symptoms usually appear (or intensify) during situations that directly affect immunity, such as periods of stress or the presence of autoimmune diseases, for example.

                                      This disease produces red, scaly patches, which can cause itching, mild burning, or pain.

                                      All About Psoriasis

                                    • Psoriasis treatment: remedies, ointments and natural options

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                                    Allergy is an inflammatory reaction that can manifest itself in different regions of the skin such as hands, feet, mouth, arms, armpits, neck, legs, back or belly, causing the appearance of itchy red spots that can be swollen.

                                    Skin allergy: main causes and how to treat

                                  • 9 home remedies for skin allergy and how to do it

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                                  Food allergy happens when you consume a substance (food, drink or additive) to which you are more sensitive.

                                  Although gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, gas or abdominal bloating are more common, it can also cause blemishes on the skin, especially on the hands, face, mouth and eyes.

                                  In more severe cases, food allergy can even cause swelling of the face and difficulty breathing.

                                  Food allergy: what it is, symptoms, main causes and treatment

                                • 8 top foods that cause food allergies

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                                Zika is a disease caused by the bite of the Aedes Aegypti mosquito, which can cause the appearance of some symptoms such as itching, red spots on the skin, fever, joint and muscle pain, tiredness, headache and red eyes.

                                7 main symptoms of Zika virus

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                              A mosquito, ant, flea, bee, or wasp sting can cause swelling, redness, and itching at the site(s) where the bite occurred.

                              However, in some people there is also inflammation throughout the affected limb and even a generalized allergic reaction throughout the body.

                              Insect bite: symptoms and which ointments to use

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                            Ringworm is a skin infection caused by fungi, which causes red, itchy, burning, and scaly patches to appear.

                            Fungi tend to grow in hot and humid places, so ringworm is more common in skin folds, such as between the fingers or under the armpit, for example.

                            Ringworm: what it is, symptoms, types and treatment

                          • Remedy for ringworm: ointments, lotions and pills

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                          Rubella is an infectious disease caused by a virus that is transmitted through coughing, sneezing or talking, causing red patches of skin, itching and fever.

                          Furthermore, it can also cause other symptoms such as swollen neck, rhinitis, or muscle pain.

                          Rubella: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

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                        Chickenpox is an infectious disease that causes the appearance of red spots on the body, which at first may be filled with fluid, but which, as the days go by, turn into dry crusts. These spots tend to be very itchy and can be accompanied by fever, malaise and lack of appetite.

                        Although it is more common in children, chickenpox can also occur in adults, especially in people who have not had contact with the virus during childhood.

                        Chickenpox: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

                      • 5 care during chickenpox and how long it lasts

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                      Atopic dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin that causes different skin lesions, such as plaques, small bumps or red spots, which are usually very itchy, swollen and/or scaly.

                      Although most cases occur in babies or children up to 5 years old, this disease can also appear in adults.

                      Atopic dermatitis: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

                    • Treatment for atopic dermatitis: home remedies and options

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                    Eczema is an inflammation of the skin that arises after direct contact with some substance, material or tissue, but which can also be caused by the use of some medication.

                    In addition to red, itchy, scaly patches, eczema can also lead to small, fluid-filled blisters.

                    Eczema: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

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                  Rosacea is a skin condition that usually causes red patches to appear on the cheeks, nose, forehead or, in some cases, the ears.

                  Together with the spots, there may be a sensation of heat in the affected region, spider veins, blood spots or small lesions with pus.

                  Rosacea: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

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                Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer.

                This type of cancer is more common in fair-skinned people who were often exposed to unprotected solar radiation.

                Basal cell carcinoma: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

              Restart

              Ruby angioma, also known as nevus ruby, consists of the appearance of small red spots on the skin, which can increase in size and multiply over the years.

              Although it is not a serious condition, it is important to have it evaluated by a dermatologist to confirm the cause and see if any specific treatment is needed.

              Ruby nevus: what it is, main causes and how to remove it

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            Intake of a new medication or prolonged use of any substance (for months or years) can cause itchy red patches to appear.

            These spots can also be associated with other symptoms, such as red and swollen eyes, tearing and, in more severe cases, respiratory distress.

            When there is a suspicion of allergy to any medication, it is important to inform the doctor who prescribed the substance.

            Drug allergy: what it is, symptoms, causes and what to do

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          • Yes.
          • No.
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            • Yes.
            • No.
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              • Yes.
              • No.
              • Restart

              • Doesn't look like any/not sure.
              • Restart

              • Doesn't look like any/not sure.
              • Restart

                Unfortunately, we don't have enough data to help identify the possible cause of your red spot(s). For this reason, we recommend that you consult a general practitioner or dermatologist to carry out a more detailed evaluation and, if necessary, indicate the most appropriate treatment.

                Restart

                This tool is not diagnostic, so it is always recommended to consult a general practitioner or dermatologist, in order to identify the correct cause and initiate the most appropriate treatment.

                Main causes and how to treat

                The main causes of red spots on the skin are:

                1. Allergy

                Allergy

                Allergy

                What the spots look like: of medium size, they can be red or white and very itchy, they can contain liquid or become inflamed, disappearing in up to 3 days. In the most severe cases, the red spots can be accompanied by symptoms such as shortness of breath, which can be life-threatening.

                Red spots due to allergies can appear after contact with plants, animal hair or ingestion of medicine, for example, but can also be caused by insect bites or food poisoning.

                How to treat: symptoms can be relieved with allergy medications such as Loratadine, corticosteroids, such as Prednisone, or the application of creams, such as Phenergan, prescribed by the dermatologist. See more about allergy treatment.

                2. Ringworm

                MIcose

                What the spots look like: can appear on any part of the body, different sizes and affect a well-defined region of the body. In addition, there may also be blistering and peeling in the area. In some cases, the infection can spread to other parts of the body, which can lead to other symptoms, such as itching and burning. See more details of the symptoms of ringworm on the skin.

                How to treat: Antifungal remedies and sometimes antibiotics may be indicated by the dermatologist.

                3. Zika virus

                Zika

                What the spots look like: are characterized by being small, slightly raised red spots that produce itching and usually appear about 3 days after the mosquito bite. Zika spots usually appear first on the face and spread to the rest of the body in a few hours and last about 5 days, being usually accompanied by other symptoms such as muscle or joint pain, for example.Here's how to tell if you have Zika.

                How to treat: rest, hydration and medicines prescribed by the doctor such as Dipyrone or Paracetamol, to relieve symptoms and discomfort.

                4. Eczema

                Eczema

                What the spots look like: cause a lot of itching, which can make the skin redder, in addition to being swollen. Stains can appear and disappear spontaneously over time, being more frequent in children and he althcare professionals who wash their hands with antiseptic soaps.

                How to treat: use of anti-allergy drugs such as Loratadine and application of ointments or corticosteroid creams, such as Fenirax, prescribed by the dermatologist.

                5. Rubella

                Rubella

                What the spots look like: are small, flat, although some may be slightly raised, which can join together and form a larger spot, in addition to causing itching.They usually start on the face and behind the ears and in a short time they spread over the body and last about 3 days.

                How to treat: follow the treatment indicated by the doctor, which can be done with Paracetamol until the disease is properly controlled.

                6. Psoriasis

                Psoriasis

                What the spots look like: have a white center with red or pink edges, dry, scaly and itchy, and may also bleed in some cases. These spots typically appear on the elbows, knees, buttocks, or scalp. They are more frequent before the age of 30 and after the age of 50, are not contagious and are related to genetic factors.

                How to treat: for the treatment of this type of stain, the dermatologist may indicate the use of some anti-inflammatory creams or ointments. In addition, it is also indicated to avoid sun exposure and the consumption of foods rich in fat and industrialized products, giving preference to the consumption of foods rich in omega-3 and beta-carotene.Learn about other important precautions during treatment for psoriasis.

                7. Lupus

                Lupus

                How are the spots: flat or raised reddish spots that can appear anywhere on the body, being more frequent in women in the nose and cheeks region, resembling a butterfly. Know how to recognize the symptoms of lupus.

                How to treat: steroids and immunosuppressants prescribed by the doctor.

                8. Rosacea

                Rosacea

                What do the spots look like: Red spots that appear more frequently on the cheeks, forehead and nose, where small spider veins can also be seen on the skin. In addition to the red spots, the skin becomes more sensitive, hot and can also be seen swelling.

                Spots can remain from weeks to months and disappear after a while, and may reappear and be accompanied by other characteristic symptoms.

                How to treat: use of soap and neutral moisturizers to control redness and, in some cases, the dermatologist may indicate the use of antibiotics or anti-inflammatories.

                9. Scabies

                Scabies

                What do the spots look like: red spots that appear mainly on the fingers and toes, in addition to being able to appear on the armpits, which are very itchy, especially at night.

                Constant itching can lead to the development of skin ulcers in both children and infants.

                How to treat: application of creams and ointments indicated by the dermatologist according to the severity of the infection, and may be indicated Ivermectin, Crotamiton or Permethrin. Learn more about human scabies.

                10. Prickly heat

                Pumpkin

                What do the spots look like: small spots and red bumps that cause burning and itching and appear mainly on the chest, thighs, face, neck and back.

                How to treat: no specific treatment is necessary, it is only recommended to keep the area free from heat and apply cold compresses in the place where the rashes appear.

                11. Chickenpox

                Chickenpox

                How are the spots: the spots of chickenpox depend on the stage of the disease that the person is, and small balls can be seen all over the body and that produce a lot of itching. Then, fluid-filled blisters may be noticed that burst and lead to the formation of crusts. Here's how to recognize chicken pox spots.

                How to treat: rest and use of Paracetamol and Povidone-iodine, to prevent the blisters from becoming infected, which should be used according to the doctor's instructions.

                12. Measles

                Measles

                What the spots look like: small red spots, slightly raised, that do not itch and spread quickly throughout the body. They first appear on the face and spread through the trunk and arms, and may be accompanied by fever. Take the online test to see if you might have measles.

                How to treat: rest, hydration and use of Paracetamol as recommended by the doctor.

                13. Skin cancer

                Skin cancer

                What the spots look like: the spots depend on the type of skin cancer a person has.However, the spots are usually small, irregular in shape and can increase over time, and may also bleed in some cases. Also, some spots may be flat, extensive, or have a rough surface. Learn how to identify skin cancer.

                How to treat: surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy according to the characteristics of the spot identified by the doctor after evaluation.

                14. Atopic dermatitis

                Atopic dermatitis

                How are the spots: red spots that are very itchy, especially at night, and can flake off, may also contain liquid and can later generate a crust. Excessive itching can cause skin sores, and it can also cause the skin to thicken at the site. See how to identify the types of dermatitis.

                How to treat: corticosteroid creams and ointments as directed by the doctor.

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