Table of contents:
Baby at 11 months already knows how to point in directions when asked about people or objects, in addition to making hand and head gestures to say “no”, “bye” and “come”, and understands simple orders like "give me your hand", "come here" and "where is the toy", for example.
At this stage, the baby already knows how to express emotions, such as joy and sadness, and can identify in people's faces whether they are happy or sad. In addition, an 11-month-old baby can already take small steps with the help of adults or leaning on objects.
It is important to remember that sleep, speech, play and feeding patterns happen at different rates for each baby. Therefore, if there are doubts about the baby's development, it is recommended to consult a pediatrician.
The following table indicates the ideal weight range of the baby at 11 months, as well as other important parameters such as height and head circumference, according to the World He alth Organization:
|7.6 to 11.7 kg||6.9 to 11.2 kg|
|70 to 79 cm||67.9 to 77.9 cm|
|44, 5 to 47 cm||43, 2 to 46 cm|
Monthly weight gain
|300 g||300 g|
If the baby has values above or below those indicated, it is important to consult the pediatrician to assess the child's development.
The 11-month-old baby can already sit without support, gets up on his own, crawls very well and is able to take small steps with the help of parents or guardians, or leaning on objects.
At this stage, the baby already points to directions, when asked where people or objects are, he already makes gestures with his hands and head, to communicate, expressing “no”, “bye” and “come”, and understands simple orders, like “give me your hand”, “come here” and “bring the toy”, for example.
The 11-month-old baby answers when called by name, is learning to speak his first words and likes to imitate his parents or guardians. In addition, the baby can already express joy and sadness, and identify, by looking at the faces, whether people are happy or sad.
Watch the following video to learn how to help your baby's development:
At 11 months, the baby already chews better and, therefore, can eat well-chopped foods and shredded meats, being able to gradually move on to the same family meal. However, it is not recommended to use s alt and sugar in meals for children under 2 years old.
At this stage, the baby's diet should consist of 6 meals a day, as in the following example:
- Breakfast: breast milk, or infant formula;
- Morning and afternoon snack: ½ portion of mashed, chopped or grated fruit + breast milk, or infant formula;
- Lunch and dinner: 1 tablespoon of cereal, such as rice and corn, or root vegetables, such as yams and sweet potato + 1 tablespoon of vegetables, such as tomato, zucchini and green beans + 1 tablespoon of legumes, such as chickpeas + 1 tablespoon of protein, such as fish or egg;
- Supper: breast milk, or infant formula.
In addition, you can also offer 1 small piece of fruit at lunch and dinner to help improve iron absorption. See some porridge recipes for babies aged 11 months.
It is important that food is served chopped, or mashed, and shredded meat, and served separately on the plate, to encourage contact with the different flavors and textures, in addition to helping the baby's chewing development.
According to the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, the baby at 11 months also needs to drink 800 ml of water throughout the day, considering the water from breast milk or infant formula, the water used in soups and broths and the water pure that must be filtered or boiled. Learn how to give water to a 10 month old baby.
A baby aged 11 months usually sleeps 12 to 13 hours a day, with 9 to 10 hours of sleep occurring at night. At 11 months the baby still sleeps a little during the day and therefore may need to nap 2 times, which last a total of 2.5 to 3 hours.
If the baby has trouble getting to sleep and sleeping well at night, some measures, such as maintaining a calm environment and reducing lighting and noise in the house 1 hour before bedtime can help the baby fall asleep and get a good night's sleep. See other tips to help your baby get a good night's sleep.
Games and activities
Plays and activities help to stimulate curiosity, communication, develop social relationships, as well as improve affectionate relationships between parents or guardians and the baby.
Some games that are recommended for babies at this stage are:
- Singing songs,clapping, making gestures and encouraging the child to do the same movements;
- Telling stories,using color picture books, showing the names and shapes of plants, animals and objects, and encouraging the child to repeat, for example;
- Play the hug game,where the child should stay a little farther away, being called to meet the parents or guardians and, when the child approaches, surprise her with a hug.
Another activity to stimulate the he alth, well-being and development of the baby is to walk with him in parks or squares. However, the walks must be done before 10:00 or after 16:00, and always with the use of sunscreen on the baby, which must be applied 30 minutes before being exposed to the sun.