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General Practice 2023

Baby developmentê at 6 months: weight, sleep and nutritionç&athilde;o

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Baby developmentê at 6 months: weight, sleep and nutritionç&athilde;o
Baby developmentê at 6 months: weight, sleep and nutritionç&athilde;o
Anonim

A 6-month-old baby can already visually recognize parents, or guardians, and family members, just as he knows how to identify a strange person. At this age, the baby also communicates better, babbling sounds like “ah”, “eh” and “oh”, when calling her name, when talking to him or when he wants to express joy or frustration.

At this stage, the baby is able to sit up without support, support himself better with his hands, crawling and lying on his back or on his stomach when lying down. In addition, the baby also firmly supports the feet when placed upright.

From 6 months onwards, the baby also starts eating other foods, such as vegetables, fruits, legumes, cereals and proteins, complementing breast milk or infant formula, according to the guidance of a pediatrician or nutritionist.See how to introduce foods into your baby's diet.

Each baby is unique and has its own rhythm of growth, sleep and speech. Therefore, in case of doubts about the baby's development, it is important to consult a pediatrician.

Baby weight at 6 months

The following table indicates the ideal weight range of the baby at 6 months, as well as other important parameters such as height, head circumference and weight gain according to the World He alth Organization:

Boys

Girls

Weight

6.4 to 9.8 kg 5, 8 to 9.3 kg

Stature

63, 2 to 71.9 cm 61 to 70cm

Head circumference

42 to 44.5 cm 41 to 43.5 cm

Monthly weight gain

600 g 600 g

It is important to remember that, if the baby presents values ​​above or below the indicated values, it is recommended to consult the pediatrician so that the child's development can be evaluated.

How does baby sleep

A 6 month old baby sleeps approximately 14 hours a day, including the 2 to 3 hours, divided into 2 or 3 naps, that he takes throughout the day. However, at this stage the baby tends to sleep less throughout the day, as he is more interested in interacting with parents or guardians.

At night, the baby's sleep period is longer, lasting around 9 to 11 hours. However, some babies may have more difficulty sleeping for long hours or may even "switch day to night". In this case, some tips for the baby to have a good night's sleep are:

  • Maintain a routine following the same bedtime;
  • Put the baby still awake in the crib, to teach him to “go to sleep” on his own;
  • Reduce noise in the house at bedtime;
  • Keep the baby's room dimly lit;
  • If the baby wakes up too early, lull him/her in the crib so he/she sleeps a little longer.

Also, giving a warm bath close to bedtime or having a massage can also help your baby get a good night's sleep.

Baby feeding at 6 months

According to the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, it is important to start introducing foods into the baby's diet from 6 months onwards, which will complement breast milk or infant formula.

For lunch or dinner, porridge made with cereals, tubers, fresh vegetables, protein and pulses should be offered. In the morning and afternoon snacks, fresh fruit porridge should be offered, which should be scraped or mashed. See how the baby's diet should be and see an example of a menu.

Babies' meals should be mashed with a fork or scraped (in the case of fruits), to help in the development of chewing, breathing and the recognition of different flavors and textures of foods.

In addition, it is recommended that the baby is encouraged to hold the spoon and even pick up the food with his own hands, with parental supervision, as this stimulates the development of motor coordination, which is a similar approach to BLW method. Discover the benefits and see how to start the BLW method.

The Brazilian Society of Pediatrics also recommends that the baby be offered 700 ml of water to avoid constipation and renal overload, as the baby at 6 months begins to eat foods with more fiber, sodium and protein.See the amount and how to give water to the baby at 6 months.

Baby development

A 6-month-old baby can already visually recognize parents, or guardians, and family members, as well as being able to tell when a person is strange. At this stage, the baby also communicates better, babbling sounds like “ah”, “eh” and “oh”, when called by his name, when talking to him or when he wants to express joy or dissatisfaction.

At 6 months, the baby is also able to sit up without support, support himself better with his hands, crawling, crawling and lying on his back or stomach when lying down. In addition, the baby also firmly supports the feet when placed upright.

The 6-month-old baby observes things around him better and likes to take what is within his reach and, out of curiosity, put it in his mouth. Therefore, during this phase it is important for parents or guardians to be careful to prevent the baby from choking.Here's how to avoid and what to do when your baby chokes.

Watch the video below for some tips to help baby's development:

Birth of teeth

Earth of teeth occurs around 6 months and the symptoms of the first teething can be irritability, decreased sleep, reduced appetite, excess saliva and sometimes fever.

To relieve the discomfort of the first teeth, parents, or guardians, can massage the baby's gums with their fingertips or give toys such as teethers for him to bite. Here's how to relieve discomfort during baby teething.

When to vaccinate the baby

The baby at 6 months will need to get some vaccinations, such as:

  • Third dose of Hepatitis B vaccine;
  • Third dose of the Hib Vaccine vaccine, which protects against infection by the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae;
  • Third dose of the VIP vaccine, which protects against infantile paralysis;
  • Third dose of the triple bacterial vaccine.

From the age of 6 months, it is also recommended to start immunization against the Influenza virus, which is responsible for the flu.

Play and activities with baby

Play is important to help baby's speech development, creativity and learning. In addition, games promote a greater bond between the baby and the parents, or guardians, and family members.

Some games and activities that can be done with the 6 month old baby are:

  • Sit together with the baby on a soft mat. Put some toys and objects in a basket and let the baby take them out one by one, while talking, explaining or making sounds about each object;
  • Build a tunnel with a cardboard box, opening the bottom and top. Place the baby on one side of the box and a toy on the other end, calling him to fetch the object and encouraging him to cross the box, crawling.

Also, another activity to stimulate your 6-month-old baby is to take him for a walk in open spaces such as parks or squares. However, the tours must be done before 10:00 or after 16:00, always applying sunscreen to the baby 20 to 30 minutes before leaving the house, and the use of an umbrella or hat is also recommended.

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