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General Practice 2023

How to relieve a baby's coughê

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How to relieve a baby's coughê
How to relieve a baby's coughê
Anonim

One of the ways to relieve a baby's cough is to leave him standing on your lap or sitting, so that his head is higher, as this position helps the baby to breathe better. Another way to reduce coughing is to offer small amounts of water to reduce throat irritation.

However, if the baby has a fever, difficulty breathing or coughs accompanied by vomiting, it is important to take the baby to the pediatrician, who will carry out a complete evaluation and may recommend the use of some medications, such as antibiotics and antiallergics.

Cough is a very common symptom in babies and happens as a defense mechanism of the body to try to expel some food or secretion. In addition, coughing in the baby can happen in cases of cold, bronchitis, asthma or rhinitis, for example.

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Home remedies for baby cough

Some home measures that can help relieve baby's cough are:

  • Give small amounts of water throughout the day, if the baby is older than 6 months, breastfeed on demand or give the baby formula at room temperature to decrease throat irritation. Liquids should only be offered when the cough is controlled, to avoid choking;
  • Rinse baby's nose with saline when the nose is blocked too, as this helps clear the nose, relieving coughs. See how to do the nasal wash;
  • Nebulize with saline solution, with a nebulizer, to clean and hydrate the airways, reducing irritation and preventing coughing. Another option is to give the baby a warm bath with the bathroom door closed, to produce steam in the environment, helping with hydration.

In addition, if the baby has a lot of coughing during the night, you can put a pillow or folded towels under the mattress to raise the head of the crib a little, so that the airways are free and the reflux decreases, decreasing the baby's cough.

Pharmaceutical Medicines

The use of medication is recommended by the pediatrician when the cough is caused by more complicated conditions, such as rhinitis, pneumonia or asthma. Thus, the pediatrician can prescribe some pharmacy remedies, such as antiallergic, antibiotics, decongestants or expectorants, where the time of use and dosage of the drug varies according to age, the general he alth of the baby and the cause of the cough.

When to take the baby to the pediatrician

It is recommended to take the baby to the pediatrician, especially if he is less than 6 months old, has heart or lung disease and/or has any of the following symptoms:

  • Cough for more than 5 days;
  • If the cough is dry and mainly at night;
  • Fever of 38ÂșC or higher;
  • Baby breathing faster than normal;
  • Difficulty breathing, with bluish skin and lips;
  • Noise or wheezing when breathing;
  • Too much phlegm or phlegm with blood;
  • Cough with vomiting.

It is important that, in the consultation with the pediatrician, the parents or guardians inform all the symptoms, when they started and everything that was done to try to relieve the baby's cough.

Main causes of coughing in babies

Cough in babies is usually a defense mechanism of the body to eliminate secretions in cases of simple respiratory problems, such as flu or cold, which are characterized by the presence of clear mucus or phlegm, stuffy nose and difficulties in breathing.

In addition, coughing in babies can be caused by strong smells such as cigarette smoke, fresh paint or insecticide, asthma, reflux, or by infections such as laryngitis, rhinitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia or whooping cough. In addition to infections, another cause of coughing in babies is choking, which can be caused by the presence of an object or food in the child's throat.

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