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Treatment for candidiasis can be done with the use of antifungal medication in the form of pills, vaginal eggs or ointments, prescribed by the doctor according to the site affected by candidiasis, which usually can occur in the vaginal, intestinal or on the skin, for example.
Candidiasis is an infection caused by the fungus Candida albicans that can affect women or men of any age.
The symptoms of candidiasis vary with the affected region, with the appearance of whitish discharge in the genital region, formation of white plaques in the mouth or blisters on the skin, for example.Therefore, it is recommended to consult the doctor to identify the type of candidiasis and to carry out the treatment as directed by the doctor.
The main treatments for candidiasis depend on the type of candidiasis and include:
1. Female candidiasis
Treatment for female candidiasis, also called vaginal candidiasis, must be indicated by the gynecologist and usually includes the use of medicines such as:
- Vaginal ointments or creams, such as terconazole, tioconazole or nystatin, used on the outside of the vagina or inside the vaginal canal, once a day, preferably at night, using the applicator provided in the package;
- Vaginal eggs, such as miconazole, isoconazole or terconazole, which should be introduced into the vagina with the finger or with the help of an applicator, once a day, preferably at night.
- Tablets, such as fluconazole 150 mg or ketoconazole 200 to 400 mg, taken by mouth as a single dose.
Treatment time for female candidiasis can vary from 1 to 14 days depending on the type of medicine used, and should always be done under the guidance of a doctor. See other treatment options for female candidiasis.
2. Male candidiasis
Treatment for male candidiasis should be carried out with the guidance of the urologist and includes the use of antifungals such as clotrimazole, nystatin or miconazole, in the form of ointments or creams, used on the glans and foreskin from 2 to 3 times a day for up to 3 weeks, even if symptoms have disappeared.
Furthermore, the use of fluconazole in a single dose may also be indicated by the doctor. Check out other treatment options for male candidiasis.
3. Candidiasis in pregnancy
Treatment for candidiasis in pregnancy must be indicated by the obstetrician, and the use of clotrimazole in eggs or vaginal tablets may be indicated. Avoid applying this medication with the applicator, so as not to compromise the cervix.
Candida in pregnancy is very common because the woman's immune system is weakened, which facilitates the development of fungi. Treatment should be carried out before delivery to reduce the risk of infecting the baby at the time of normal delivery. Learn more about treating thrush in pregnancy.
4. Intestinal candidiasis
Treatment of intestinal candidiasis is usually done with the use of fluconazole 150 mg taken as a tablet orally in a single dose, and should always be indicated by the gastroenterologist.
In addition, food supplements or probiotics containing Lactobacillus or Saccharomyces boulardii can be used to prevent the growth and proliferation of the candidiasis fungus, in addition to strengthening the immune system. Understand better how intestinal candidiasis is treated.
5. Recurrent candidiasis
In cases of recurrent candidiasis, also called recurrent candidiasis or chronic candidiasis, the cause that may be at the origin of this problem must be identified, which may be related to the use of antibiotics or contraceptives, weakened immune system, presence of other diseases, inadequate nutrition or use of synthetic or very tight clothing, for example.
Thus, depending on the cause, the prevention of recurrent candidiasis can be done by changing the lifestyle and diet, using probiotics, especially when it is necessary to take an antibiotic, strengthening the immune system and, in some cases, cases, prophylactic treatment with an oral antifungal. See all treatment options for recurrent candidiasis.
6. Candidiasis in the mouth
Treatment of candidiasis in the mouth, or oral candidiasis, must be indicated by the gastroenterologist and includes the use of antifungals such as nystatin in the form of an oral solution, which must be swished and kept in the mouth for as long as possible before swallowing, or the use of fluconazole as a single-dose tablet, for more severe cases.
Also, during treatment it is important to keep your mouth clean, brushing your teeth at least 3 times a day. Check out other options for treating candidiasis in the mouth.
Home care options
Home treatment for candidiasis can be done with natural yogurt, which helps balance the pH of the vagina, preventing the proliferation of fungi responsible for vaginal candidiasis.
To make this homemade treatment, you can dip a tampon in natural yogurt and introduce it into the vagina, leaving it on for at least 3 hours. Men can also make use of this treatment by placing yogurt on the head of the penis.
Watch the video with nutritionist Tatiana Zanin with other home treatment options to cure candidiasis faster and how to prevent it from coming back:
Care during treatment
Some precautions in the treatment of candidiasis include:
- Have good body hygiene, keeping the intimate region very dry;
- Not having intimate contact without a condom;
- Use loose-fitting cotton clothing;
- Avoid unnecessary use of medication, especially antibiotics;
- Drink plenty of fluids;
- Give preference to vegetables and fruit;
- Avoid consumption of alcohol, sugar and fatty foods.
These treatments help to treat and prevent the appearance of candidiasis, and can be used by men and women of any age.
Signs of improvement
Signs of improvement in genital thrush include a decrease in itching, redness and swelling, as well as the disappearance of white discharge. The signs of improvement in intestinal candidiasis are essentially the regulation of intestinal transit and the reduction of tiredness and weakness.
Signs of worsening
If the infection is getting worse, there may be signs of worsening such as nausea and vomiting, severe abdominal pain, fever with chills, or loss of appetite for long periods.If the patient shows signs of worsening of candidiasis, he should go to the hospital to start the appropriate treatment.