Table of contents:
- Possible ovulation symptoms
- How is the day of ovulation calculated?
- Ovulation and fertile period are the same thing?
- What is the best time to get pregnant?
Ovulation is the name given to the moment in the menstrual cycle when the egg is released by the ovary and is ready to be fertilized, normally happening in the middle of the menstrual cycle in he althy women.
If the egg is penetrated by a sperm during ovulation, fertilization occurs, marking the beginning of a pregnancy. However, if the egg is not fertilized until it reaches the uterus, it will be eliminated by menstruation and start a new menstrual cycle.
To find out when your next ovulation will be, enter the data in the calculator:
Possible ovulation symptoms
Ovulation generates some characteristic symptoms which include:
- Transparent, viscous, egg white-like vaginal secretion;
- Slight rise in body temperature, usually around 0.5ºC;
- Increased libido and appetite;
- There may be pelvic pain, similar to mild cramping.
Many of these symptoms can go unnoticed by most women and, therefore, end up being difficult to identify. Thus, the best way to know if a woman is ovulating is to calculate when the next ovulation will be.
It is important to remember that women who take contraceptives do not ovulate and, consequently, do not have symptoms, nor can they become pregnant.
How is the day of ovulation calculated?
The day of ovulation happens in the middle of a woman's menstrual cycle and, therefore, is easier to calculate in women who have a regular cycle. This means that if a woman has a 28-day cycle, for example, ovulation will happen around the 14th day. This 14th day is calculated from the date of the first day of the last menstrual period (day + 14 days), which marks the beginning of the new menstrual cycle.
Since in each cycle, the day of ovulation can vary between 1 to 2 days, it is generally better for a woman to consider the fertile period rather than the ovulation date. That's because, the fertile period is the set of 6 days that are around ovulation and that help to compensate for the cycles in which ovulation arrives earlier or later.
In the case of women with an irregular cycle, the day of ovulation cannot be identified with such precision and, therefore, it is recommended that the fertile period be calculated. See how to calculate the fertile period in the irregular cycle.
Ovulation and fertile period are the same thing?
Although they are often used synonymously, ovulation and fertile period are not the same thing. Ovulation is the day when the mature egg is released from the ovary, ready to be fertilized. The fertile period, on the other hand, is a set of days that are calculated around the possible day of ovulation and that mark the period in which a woman has a greater chance of becoming pregnant, since the egg has already been released. That is, without ovulation there is no fertile period.
Better understand how the fertile period works:
What is the best time to get pregnant?
The best period to get pregnant is known as the "fertile period" and is considered the set of 3 days before and 3 days after ovulation, that is, the period between the 11th and 16th day after the first day of the last menstruation. Women who are trying to get pregnant should then have unprotected sex during this period. Women who are trying to avoid pregnancy should be careful to avoid having unprotected sex during this period.