General Practice 2022

10 main causes of hemorrhoids and what to do

Table of contents:

10 main causes of hemorrhoids and what to do
10 main causes of hemorrhoids and what to do
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Hemorrhoids arise when there is increased pressure in the blood vessels around the anus, which causes the veins to dilate and become swollen and inflamed, which can lead to pain and bleeding.

Generally, this problem happens when the person makes a lot of effort to evacuate, due to constipation, in a repetitive way, which promotes the stretching of the supporting tissues in this region. Thus, the effort to evacuate throughout life and pregnancy are the main factors in its development, but other possible causes are:

1. Chronic diarrhea

Chronic diarrhea is characterized by an increased number of bowel movements during the day, lasting longer than 4 weeks, or by the consistency of watery stools.Chronic diarrhea can favor the occurrence of hemorrhages, as it causes discomfort and irritation of the anal mucosa, favoring the dilation of the veins.

What to do: The secret is to regulate the bowels. People who have loose stools or diarrhea frequently need medical evaluation, because they may have diseases such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome, for example. Learn what causes and how to treat chronic diarrhea.

2. Obesity

Hemorrhoids are often the result of excessive weight and increased abdominal volume. In addition, overweight people's habits, such as a sedentary lifestyle and a high-fat diet, usually lead to reduced bowel movements, causing constipation and, consequently, difficulty in evacuating.

What to do: Reaching the ideal weight is the most recommended, and for that it is recommended to adjust the diet, practice exercises daily, being followed by an endocrinologist and a team of he alth professionals, and bariatric surgery, for example, may be recommended in some cases.

3. Do not evacuate when you feel like it

The lack of evacuation can make the stools more dry and hard, causing abdominal discomfort and, consequently, difficulty in evacuating, which is characterized by constipation.

What to do: The most important tip is to evacuate whenever you feel the need because this is the best time to evacuate without having to make much effort.

4. Sitting on the toilet for a long time

It is not exactly the fact of sitting on the toilet for a long time that leads to the appearance of hemorrhoids, but the characteristics of the person. Normally, those who spend a long time sitting on the toilet need to make more effort to evacuate, favoring the appearance of hemorrhoids.

5. Exerting too much

Lifting a lot of weight in the gym, or taking care of the bedridden elderly, for example, can lead to a significant increase in the pressure of the veins in the anal region, which can lead to the worsening of hemorrhoids.

What to do: Avoid lifting heavy weights whenever possible, but whenever you have to lift weights, contract your perineal muscles at the same time.

6. Pregnancy

It is normal to have hemorrhoids during pregnancy and they usually arise due to increased body weight, increased pressure on the pelvic region and constipation, which are very common physiological changes during pregnancy.

What to do: It is important to avoid constipation, walk, drink plenty of fluids and have a bowel movement whenever you feel the need. See how to cure hemorrhoids that arise during pregnancy.

7. Low fiber diet

Fibers are important for the proper functioning of the body, being responsible for regulating the gut. Thus, a diet low in fiber can lead to decreased bowel movements and dry and hard stools, which results in pain when defecating.

What to do: The solution to this is to increase the consumption of foods rich in fiber, such as whole grains, leafy vegetables and fruits with skin. Check out more examples of fiber-rich foods.

8. Working standing up

Another important factor is the fact that the person works long hours standing, which favors vascular stasis in predisposed people.

What to do: A good solution for this case is to perform stretching every 2 hours. One can also perform pelvic floor strengthening exercises, keeping the perineum contracting when standing. To perform this contraction of the perineum, it is recommended to imagine that you are sucking something with your vagina, for example. Another indication is to exercise regularly, and it is also important to practice Kegel exercises.

9. Advanced age

Hemorrhoids, although they can appear at any age, are more common from the age of 45, because the tissues that support the veins of the rectum and anus weaken and stretch with aging.In addition, a person who has already had a hemorrhoidal crisis is more likely to have a new crisis.

10. Food rich in pepper or very spicy

A diet rich in spicy foods or very spicy foods also favors the inflammation of hemorrhoids. In addition, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages also increases the risk of developing hemorrhoids.

What to do: Consume spicy or very spicy foods sporadically, and during the hemorrhoidal crisis do not consume these foods.

How to treat hemorrhoids

Treatment of hemorrhoids can be done with simple measures such as maintaining good bowel habits. For this, it is recommended to increase fiber consumption and reduce pasta consumption, increase water intake and evacuate whenever you feel the need.

However, some home measures can help, such as sitz baths with warm water. Some pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as ointments for hemorrhoids, such as Proctyl, for example, prescribed by the doctor. See how to cure hemorrhoids.

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