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Flu remedies are those that help relieve symptoms such as fever, cough, malaise and headache, for example. The remedies indicated in the flu are anti-inflammatory, antiallergic and expectorants, which help to improve symptoms and prevent complications, and can be acquired, in some cases, without a prescription, however it is important that the doctor is consulted before starting the treatment. use of any medication, so that the best medication, dose and duration of use can be indicated.
In some cases, in addition to the use of medication to promote symptom relief, the doctor may recommend the use of antivirals, helping to accelerate the elimination of the virus. In addition, to prevent flu and possible complications, the flu vaccine is recommended, which is administered annually, being mainly indicated for children and older people.See more about the flu vaccine.
The main remedies that can be indicated by the doctor in the treatment of flu are:
Anti-inflammatory drugs are indicated to reduce throat inflammation, improving discomfort and allowing solid foods and water to be swallowed more easily.
Examples: Ibuprofen and Diclofenac.
2. Analgesics and antipyretics
Analgesics may be recommended by the doctor to relieve sore throat, headache and ear, while antipyretic is indicated to relieve fever. It is important that the pediatrician is consulted in case of fever in the child, since the dose of the medication must be monitored to avoid complications.
Examples: Paracetamol and Novalgina.
Cough is present in most cases of flu and, therefore, the use of antitussive medicine may be recommended by the doctor.
Examples: Dextromethorphan, Levodropropizine or Clobutinol Hydrochloride
Anti-allergy can be indicated to promote the relief of allergic cough, sneezing, red eyes and runny nose, which are common flu symptoms. However, it is important to be careful about the use of this type of medication, since some have a sedative effect, being contraindicated for people who work with heavy machinery, for example.
Examples: Loratadine, Desloratadine or Fexofenadine.
The use of expectorants may be indicated by the doctor in case of cough with phlegm, as it helps to make the secretions more fluid and, consequently, easier to be eliminated.
Examples: Bisolvon, Mucosolvan or Vick 44 E.
In some cases, the doctor may indicate the use of antivirals to promote the elimination of the virus responsible for the flu and, thus, promote the relief of symptoms more effectively. Peramivir is an antiviral that must be administered intravenously and is indicated for adults and children from 2 years of age and who have had flu symptoms for more than 2 days.
Another antiviral that may be recommended is oseltamivir, also known as Tamiflu, which is indicated in cases of uncomplicated flu, and should be used as directed by the doctor.
Home remedy for flu
To treat the flu without taking medicines bought at the pharmacy, you can drink lemon, echinacea, linden or elderberry tea, as these plants have properties that help the body to cure the disease.
In addition, you can also drink orange, acerola and pineapple juice, as it is rich in vitamin C, very important to strengthen the immune system. See how to prepare home remedies for flu.
Check out in the following video how to prepare the best natural remedy for flu:
Remedies for flu in pregnancy
During pregnancy it is important to avoid the use of medicines purchased at the pharmacy, as they can cause delay in the growth and development of the baby and, therefore, when the pregnant woman has flu symptoms, she should go to the doctor for further treatment. suitable.
Usually, analgesics based on paracetamol and vitamin C are the only remedies that pregnant women can take to cure the flu, in addition to rest, maintain a good diet and drink plenty of fluids.
Furthermore, when the woman is breastfeeding she should also avoid the use of these medicines, as they can pass to the baby through milk and, therefore, before taking it, you should go to the doctor to find out the best treatment.