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General Practice 2023

Gas in pregnancy: when to start and what to do

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Gas in pregnancy: when to start and what to do
Gas in pregnancy: when to start and what to do

Excessive intestinal gas is a very common discomfort that can appear early in pregnancy and persist throughout pregnancy. This happens due to major hormonal changes, which lead to a relaxation of all body tissues, including the gastrointestinal system, which causes a decrease in bowel movements and, consequently, a greater accumulation of gases.

Gas in pregnancy does not harm the baby, but it can cause severe stomach pain and abdominal discomfort in the pregnant woman, which can be relieved with simple measures, such as avoiding foods that cause gas, taking frequent walks and using natural remedies, like mint tea.


Main symptoms

The most common symptoms that accompany excess gas in pregnancy include:

  • Intense abdominal pain, sometimes in the form of a twinge that may radiate to the chest;
  • Increased flatulence;
  • Constipation;
  • Swollen belly;
  • Intestinal colic.

When, in addition to abdominal pain, the pregnant woman also feels intense nausea, has diarrhea or vomits, it is important to consult the obstetrician. Check out what can indicate abdominal pain in pregnancy.

Remedies for gas in pregnancy

Gas in pregnancy can be treated with medication for gas, prescribed by the obstetrician, which helps to eliminate gas more easily, reducing discomfort and pain:

  • Simethicone or Dimethicone;
  • Activated charcoal.

Another option to treat gas during pregnancy is the application of a micro enema, such as Microlax, which can be purchased at a pharmacy, especially when there is also constipation. However, this option must be indicated by an obstetrician, and the pregnant woman must follow the doctor's instructions. See other remedies to treat gas during pregnancy.

What to do to eliminate gas in pregnancy

To eliminate excess gases and avoid excessive gas formation there are some simple precautions, such as:

  • Avoid foods that are difficult to digest or that can cause gas;
  • Avoid drinking carbonated drinks;
  • Increase water consumption to about 2.5 liters per day;
  • Increase consumption of vegetables, fruits and other fiber-rich foods such as whole-grain bread or cereals;
  • Avoid talking while chewing;
  • Eat slowly and chew all food well;
  • Wear loose and comfortable clothes;
  • Avoid chewing gum.

Performing regular physical exercise, such as walking, and practicing breathing exercises also helps to improve digestion and favor bowel movements, reducing the amount of gas.

See also 3 very effective home remedies to treat excess gas in pregnancy.

Foods that cause gas

Foods that cause gas and that should be avoided in excess include: corn, eggs, cabbage, onions, broccoli, beans, chickpeas, peas and fried foods, for example. Check out a more complete list of foods that cause gas.

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