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Sore throat is characterized by inflammation, irritation, and difficulty swallowing or speaking, which can be relieved with the use of pain relievers or anti-inflammatories.
Sore throat can be transient and appear during a cold or flu, for example, or it can be persistent, which happens especially in people who suffer from tonsillitis.
When in addition to redness in the throat, other symptoms are present, such as canker sores, swelling or very large tonsils and even dots of pus, it is advisable to go to the doctor so that the cause of the sore throat is identified and indicated. appropriate treatment, which may include antibiotics, in addition to analgesics and anti-inflammatories.Know the main causes of sore throat.
Sore throat remedies should only be taken if recommended by a doctor, as the remedy indicated may vary according to the cause. In addition, some medications can mask the symptoms, which can favor the progression of the disease responsible for the sore throat.
Remedies normally prescribed by the doctor aim to relieve pain and inflammation, in addition to treating the cause to solve the pain effectively. In general, the main pharmacy remedies that can be recommended in case of sore throat are:
Medication with analgesic action, such as paracetamol or dipyrone, are often prescribed by the doctor to relieve pain. Generally, the doctor recommends administration every 6 or 8 hours maximum, the dose of which depends on the age and weight of the person.
In addition to the analgesic action, anti-inflammatories also help reduce swelling, which is a very common feature of sore throats. Some examples of remedies with this action are ibuprofen, diclofenac or nimesulide, which should only be used if recommended by the doctor and preferably after meals, in order to reduce gastric side effects. Generally, the one most prescribed by doctors is ibuprofen, which, depending on the dose, can be used every 8 or 12 hours.
Learn more about anti-inflammatories indicated for sore throat.
3. Local antiseptics and analgesics
There are different types of lozenges that help relieve pain, irritation and inflammation of the throat, as they contain local anesthetics, antiseptics and/or anti-inflammatories, such as Ciflogex, Strepsils and Neopyridin, for example. These lozenges can be used alone or associated with an analgesic or anti-inflammatory with systemic action.Learn how to use throat lozenges.
If your sore throat is caused by bacteria, your doctor may recommend using antibiotics. In most cases, the use of Amoxicillin is indicated, which must be used according to medical advice, and may be taken every 8 or 12 hours. See more details on how to take amoxicillin.
In addition to amoxicillin, the doctor may recommend the use of other antibiotics according to the infectious agent responsible for the inflammation of the throat, and the use of Azithromycin, Erythromycin, Clindamycin and Cephalexin, for example, may be indicated. Learn more about antibiotics for sore throats.
Some home remedies can be used as a way to complement the treatment indicated by the doctor and help relieve the symptoms of inflammation in the throat, such as pain and discomfort.
Some options for home remedies for sore throat are:
- Gargle warm water with lemon and a pinch of s alt, putting the juice of 1 lemon and a pinch of s alt in a glass of warm water, gargling for 2 minutes, 2 times a day;
- Gargle with pomegranate peel tea, boiling 6 g of pomegranate peels with 150 mL of water;
- Drink acerola or orange juice daily, as these are fruits rich in vitamin C;
- Apply 3 to 4 times a day a honey spray with propolis, which can be purchased at the pharmacy;
- Take 1 spoon of honey with 5 drops of propolis extract per day.
Check out the following video for other home remedies for sore throat:
Treatment for sore throat in pregnancy
Medications in general are not advised during pregnancy and breastfeeding because they can cause pregnancy complications and pass to the baby through breast milk, so in these cases, you should consult your doctor before deciding to take a medicine for sore throat.The safest medicine to take during pregnancy to relieve pain is paracetamol, however, it should only be taken if recommended by your doctor.
In addition, pregnant women can opt for home remedies, which are safer, such as lemon and ginger tea. To make the tea, just put 1 4 cm peel of 1 lemon and 1 cm of ginger in 1 cup of boiling water and wait for about 3 minutes. After this time, add 1 teaspoon of honey, let it cool down and drink up to 3 cups of the tea a day. Alternatively, you can also gargle with water, lemon and s alt.